Yurok Tribal Code

Table of Contents Updated: January 2015

The tribe makes their code/ordinances available online. The links below will take you to the version of the code available on the tribe's website. Please contact the library if you need assistance.

Table of Contents

**ordinance is currently in development

GOVERNMENT


Supreme Ordinance
Purpose
Section 1. Effective Date
Section 2. Application
Section 2.1. Defenses
Section 2.2. Construction of Wavier
Section 2.3. Authorization of Waiver
Section 2.4. Extent of Waiver
Section 2.5. Extent of Immunity
Section 2.6. Liability
Section 2.7. Consistency with Yurok Constitution
Section 2.8. Affect of Limited Waiver on General Sovereign Immunity
Section 2.9. Burden of Proof
Section 2.10. Remedies
Section 2.11. Monetary Damages
Section 3. Standard of Review; Legislative Acts and Appeals
Section 3.1. Basis for Review
Section 3.2. Appeals
Certification

Enrollment 
Section 1. Purpose
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Enrollment Committee
Section 4. Criteria for Enrollment
Section 5. Enrollment Eligibility: Evidence
Section 6. Determination of Indian Blood
Section 7. Disenrollment
Section 8. Maintenance of the Roll
Section 9. Enrollment Procedure and Blood Degree Corrections
Section 10. Hearings, Remands and Appeals
Section 11. Reopening the Application
Section 12. Effective Date; Amendment
Certification

Judicial Branch Ordinance
Authority
Purpose
Section 1. Jurisdiction
Section 2. Concurrent Jurisdiction
Section 3. Establishing of the Court
Section 4. Other Offices of the Court
Section 5. Substantive Law and Procedural Rules
Certification

Public Hearing Ordinance 
Section 5001. Name
Section 5002. Purpose
Section 5003. Definitions
Section 5004. Policy Action
Section 5005. Introduction and Adoption of a Legislative Act
Section 5006. Notice and Publication
Section 5007. Public Hearing
Section 5008. Council Action
Section 5009. Emergency Legislative Act
Section 5010. Effective Date
Section 5011. Judicial Review
Section 5012. Sovereign Immunity
Section 5013. Severability
Certification

Tribal Council Ordinance
General Provisions
Section 6001. Short Title
Section 6002. Findings
Section 6003. Purpose
Section 6004. Intent and Guiding Principles
Section 6005. Scope
Section 6006. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 6007. Severability
Section 6008. Definitions
Section 6009. Construction with Other Laws, Ordinances, or Policies
Section 6010. Tribal Court Jurisdiction
Chapter 1. Council Meeting Procedures
Section 6101. Presence at Council Meetings
Section 6102. Poll Votes
Section 6103. Major Actions Defined
Chapter 2. Standards of Conduct for Elected Officials
Section 6201. Standards of Conduct
Section 6202. Drug Testing for Elected Officials
Section 6203. Voluntary Admittance to a Drug Treatment Program
Section 6204. Mandatory Meeting For Yurok Tribal Council
Section 6205. Use of Tribal Vehicles for Elected Officials
Section 6206. Tribal Credit Card Use for Elected Officials
Section 6207. Use of Tribal Equipment for Elected Officials
Section 6208. Decorum at Council Meetings
Chapter 3. Council Roles and Responsibilities
Section 6301. Yurok Tribal Chairperson
Section 6302. Yurok Tribal Vice-Chairperson
Section 6303. Yurok Tribal Council
Section 6304. Yurok Tribal Council Liaison
Chapter 4. Conflict of Interest
Section 6401. Purpose
Section 6402. Intent
Section 6403. Principles
Section 6404. Specific Prohibitions
Section 6405. General Prohibitions
Section 6406. Use of Confidential Information for Private Gain
Section 6407. Restrictions Against Incompatible Interests or Employment
Section 6408. Abstention from Official Action
Section 6409. Tribal Government Contracts; Restrictions and Bid Requirements
Section 6410. Limits on Official Action & Participation; Compliance with Yurok Laws & Traditions
Section 6411. Confidentiality
Section 6412. Nepotism Prohibited
Chapter 5. Personnel Matters
Section 6501. Recruitment of Qualified Tribal Employees
Section 6502. Executive Office Responsibility for Personnel Matters
Section 6503. Yurok Tribal Council Rights
Chapter 6. Ethics Review
Section 6601. Ethics Review Board
Section 6602. Filing an Ethics Complaint
Section 6603. Ethics Review Board Investigation and Hearing
Section 6604. Forwarding of Complaint for Council Review
Section 6605. Council Action on Alleged Violations
Chapter 7. Sanctions and Penalties
Section 6701. Council-imposed Sanctions and Penalties
Section 6702. Monetary Sanctions
Section 6703. Removal or Impeachment
Section 6704. Use of Fines
Certification

Election
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Purpose
Section 3. Definitions
Section 4. Election Board Officials
Section 5. Voter Registration and Voting Lists
Section 6. Election of Tribal Council Members
Section 7. Ballots
Section 8. Absentee Voting
Section 9. Election Days and Voting Hours
Section 10. Types of Elections
Section 11. Initiative
Section 12. Referendum
Section 13. Amendments to the Constitution
Section 14. Effective Date of Measure
Section 15. Petition Requirements and Procedures
Section 16. Electioneering and Loitering
Section 17. Polling Officials
Section 18. Handling of Special Circumstances
Section 19. District Tally of Ballots at Polls
Section 20. Counting the Ballots
Section 21. Special Procedure for Handling Tie Votes
Section 22. Announcement of Results
Section 23. Primary, Run-Off and All Other Election Grounds for Contest
Section 24. Official Certification of Election Results
Section 25. Installation of Successful Candidates
Section 26. Election Records
Section 27. Election Board Budget
Section 28. Amendments to Ordinance
Section 29. Ratification of Election Ordinance
Section 30. Constitutional Conflict
Section 31. Forms
Additions, Deletions and Changes to the Amendment
Certification

Freedom of Information
Authority
Purpose
Section 1. Members' Right to Information
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Access to Records
Section 4. Exclusion of Non-Members from Provisions of This Act
Section 5. Disclosure
Section 6. Access and Amendments to Personal Records: Administrative Remedies
Section 7. Appeals to Yurok Tribal Court
Section 8. Standard of Review
Section 9. Review of Records
Section 10. Confidentiality
Section 11. Severability
Section 12. Repeal of Inconsistent Law
Certification

 

ADMINISTRATION



Public Utilities District [Reserved]

Yurok Indian Housing Authority**
General Provisions
Section 4001. Short Title
Section 4002. Findings
Section 4003. Purpose
Section 4004. Scope
Section 4005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 4006. Severability
Section 4007. Effective Date
Section 4008. Amendment and Restatement; Effect
Section 4009. Definitions
Chapter 1. Board of Commissioners
Section 4101. Establishment of the Board
Section 4102. Qualifications of Commissioners
Section 4103. Nomination and Appointment of Voting Commissioners; Vacancies
Section 4104. Council Liaison to the Authority
Section 4105. Voting Rights
Section 4106. Composition
Section 4107. Participation in Projects
Section 4108. Term of Office
Section 4109. Oath of Office
Section 4110. Officers of the Board
Section 4111. Removal
Section 4112. Compensation
Section 4113. Quorum; Voting
Section 4114. Records; Role of Secretary, Treasurer
Section 4115. Schedule of Meetings
Chapter 2. Powers
Section 4201. Political Subdivision of the Tribe
Section 4202. Political Lobbying Prohibited
Section 4203. Authority to Sue and Be Sued; No Waiver of Tribal Sovereign Immunity
Section 4204. Specific Powers
Section 4205. Secure Funding and Cooperation
Chapter 3. Obligations
Section 4301. Authority to Issue
Section 4302. No Personal Liability
Section 4303. No Tribal Debt
Section 4304. Tax Exempt Status
Section 4305. Method of Issuance; Sale
Section 4306. Negotiability; Issuance to Aid in Financing Project
Section 4307. Specific Authorities
Chapter 4. Miscellaneous
Section 4401. Annual Report
Section 4402. Ongoing Reporting Requirement s
Section 4403. Quarterly Meetings
Section 4404. Conflict of Interest; Mandatory Disclosure; Misconduct
Section 4405. Federal Financial Assistance Requirements
Section 4406. Fidelity Bond
Section 4407. Not for Profit Operation
Section 4408. Public Property; Tribal Tax Exempt Status
Section 4409. Property Exempt from Sale
Section 4410. Council Oversight
Section 4411. Certificate of Good Standing
Chapter 5. Cooperation in Connection with Projects
Section 4501. Tribal Cooperation for Projects
Section 4502. Eviction Actions
Section 4503. Tribal Court Review of Decisions
Section 4504. Continued Applicability
Chapter 6. Dissolution
Section 460l. Dedication of Assets to Housing Purposes
Section 4602. Dissolution; Distribution of Assets
Certification

 

PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY


Exclusion Ordinance**

Civil Offense
Authority
Purpose
Section 1. Procedure
Section 2. Civil Offenses
Miscellaneous Provisions: Severability; Interpretation and findings; Amendment
Certification

Vehicle Ordinance**
General Provisions
Section 3001. Short Title
Section 3002. Findings
Section 3003. Purpose
Section 3004. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 3005. Severability
Section 3006. Definitions
Chapter 1. Application and Enforcement
Chapter 2. Violations and Restrictions
Section 3201. Violation of YVO
Section 3202. Zero Tolerance
Section 3203. Driving Under the Influence
Section 3204. Loitering While Drinking, Under the Influence, or Causing Disturbance Prohibited
Section 3205. Failure to Care for the Safety of Dependents
Section 3206. Parking in Elder Parking Area
Section 3207. ATV Operations
Section 3208. UTV Operations
Section 3209. Helmet Use Required
Section 3210. Safety Belt Use Required
Section 3211. Roadways Closed to Operation
Section 3212. Resisting or Obstructing an Officer; Disturbing the Peace
Section 3213. Parking Violations
Chapter 3. Penalties, Fines, Bail, and Fees
Chapter 4. Administration of the Yurok Tribe
Chapter 5. Jurisdiction of the Tribal Court
Chapter 6. Vehicle Registration
Chapter 7. Licensing of Yurok Tribal Members
Chapter 8. Accident Reporting and Statistics
Chapter 9. Tribal Transportation and Roads Maintenance Departments
Certification

Controlled Substances
General Provisions
Section 4001. Short Title
Section 4002. Findings
Section 4003. Purpose
Section 4004. Scope
Section 4005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 4006. Severability
Section 4007. Effective Date
Section 4008. Repeal of Conflicting Ordinance Provisions
Section 4009. Definitions
Chapter 1. Violations and Prohibited Conduct
Section 4101. Marijuana Cultivation
Section 4102. Manufacture of a Controlled Substance
Section 4103. Possession of a Listed Chemical with Intent to Manufacture
Section 4104. Distribution of Marijuana
Section 4105. Distribution of a Controlled Substance
Section 4106. Unlawful Possession of a Firearm
Section 4107. Possession of a Controlled Substance
Section 4108. Distribution to a Person under Age Twenty-one
Section 4109. Diversion of Surface Waters for Controlled Substance Manufacture
Section 4110. Damage of Natural Resources
Section 4111. Damage of Yurok Cultural Resources
Section 4112. Damage of Tribal Property
Section 4113. Forest Trespass
Section 4114. Aiding or Abetting
Section 4115. Attempt and Conspiracy
Chapter 2. Enforcement and Sanctions
Section 4201. Non-Recognition of Proposition 215 Cards
Section 4202. Sanctions
Section 4203. Monetary Civil Fines or Penalties
Section 4204. Enforcement; Costs
Section 4205. Restitution
Section 4206. Lien on Property
Chapter 3. Jurisdiction of the Tribal Court
Section 4301. Primary Jurisdiction
Section 4302. Failure to Appear; Trial in Absentia
Section 4303. Transfer of Cases
Section 4304. Jurisdiction to Enter Orders
Chapter 4. Civil Forfeiture of Property
Section 4401. Personal Property Subject to Forfeiture
Section 4402. Real Property Subject to Forfeiture
Section 4403. Forfeiture of Allotment Interest Prohibited
Section 4404. Forfeiture and Destruction of Controlled Substances
Section 4405. Forfeiture of Fungible Property
Section 4406. Protective Orders for Property
Section 4407. Warrant of Seizure
Section 4408. Authority to Destroy Marijuana Plants
Section 4409. Disposition of Forfeited Property
Chapter 5. Forfeiture Proceedings
Section 4501. Civil Judicial Forfeiture Action; Complaint
Section 4502. Notice of Forfeiture Action
Section 4503. Burden of Proof in Forfeiture Proceeding
Section 4504. Related Proceedings
Section 4505. Order of Forfeiture
Section 4506. Vesting of Interests in Forfeited Property
Section 4507. Third Party Interests in Forfeited Property
Section 4508. Notice to Third Parties; Petition for Hearing
Section 4509. Proceedings for Third Party Petitions
Section 4510. Clear Title After Forfeiture
Certification

Dog Control
Authority
Purpose
Definitions
Section 1. Running at Large
Section 2. Disturbances
Section 3. Vicious Dogs
Section 4. Duty of Owner of Dog Found Harassing Stock
Section 5. Liability of Owners
Section 6. Abandonment
Section 7. Identification and Registration
Section 8. Seizure of Dogs, Penalties for Running at Large
Section 9. Offense
Section 10. Enforcement
Certification

Vehicle Abatement
Authority
Purpose
Definitions
Section 1. Prohibitions and Exemptions
Section 2. Enforcement
Section 3. Civil Penalties and Court Orders
Section 4. Criminal Prosecution
Section 7. Environmental Protection Fund
Section 8. Appeals
Certification
Resolution No: 09-48

Zero Tolerance [Reserved]

Tobacco Control
Section 1. Title
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Establishment of Tobacco Outlets
Section 4. Nature of Outlet
Section 5. Application for Tobacco Outlet License
Section 6. Conditions for Application and Approval of Tobacco Outlet License
Section 7. Tobacco Outlet License
Section 8. Trader's License
Section 9. Expiration; License Renewal
Section 10. Revenue Stamp Required
Section 11. Restricted Sales to Minors
Section 12. Tribal Immunity - Liability - Credit
Section 13. Operating Without a License
Section 14. Revocation of Tobacco Outlet License
Section 15. Violations - Penalties
Section 16. Non-Application to Tribe
Section 17. Severability
Section 18. Effective Date
Certification

Liquor Control
Article 1. Name
Article 2. Authority 
Article 3. Purpose
Article 4. Effective Date
Article 5. Possession of Alcohol
Article 6. Sales of Alcohol
Article 7. Age Limits
Article 8. Civil Penalties
Article 9. Prior Inconsistent Enactments
Article 10. Sovereign Immunity
Article 11. Severability
Article 12. Amendment
Certification

 

FAMILY



Children s Code
Authority
Purpose
Jurisdiction
Definitions
Chapter 1. Voluntary Informal Conference
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Notice
Section 3. Confidentiality
Section 4. Disposition
Chapter 2. Abuse
Section 1. Physical Abuse
Section 2. Sexual Abuse
Section 3. Child Neglect
Section 4. Psychological Maltreatment
Chapter 3. Investigation & Reports
Section 1. Receipt of reports of child maltreatment, investigation & written reports, and cross-notification
Section 2. Convening of multi-disciplinary team required for reports of known or suspected child sexual abuse or severe physical abuse, pursuant to the federal Crime Control Act of 1990,18 U.S.C. ?3509(g)
Section 3. Scope of Investigation and Written Report
Section 4. Mandate to develop, adopt and implement investigation protocols
Section 5. Conclusions to be Included in Social Service Agency Reports Post Investigation
Section 6. Outcome of Report of Child Maltreatment and Investigation
Chapter 4. Protective Orders
Section 1. Removal of a Dangerous Individual from the Home Using a Protective Order
Section 2. Temporary Emergency Child Protection Restraining Order
Chapter 5. Removal of Child
Section 1. Entity Responsible for Taking Emergency Custody of Children
Section 2. Taking a Child into Emergency Custody
Section 3. Notice of Removal to the Parent, Guardian or Custodian
Section 4. Notice of Removal to the Court
Chapter 6. Emergency Custody Hearing
Section 1. Filing of an Emergency Petition
Section 2. Delivering the Child into Custody
Section 3. Emergency Custody Petition
Section 4. Hearings and Notice
Section 5. Dismissal for Failure to Notify
Section 6. Purpose
Section 7. Persons Present; Hearsay Evidence
Section 8. Timing of Emergency Custody Hearing
Section 9. Basis for Removal
Section 10. Reasonable Cause
Section 11. Tribal Social Services to Make Prima Facie Case
Section 12. Notification of Rights
Section 13. Findings and Reasonable Efforts
Section 14. Possible Emergency Custody Hearing Outcomes
Section 15. Evidence in Emergency Custody Hearings
Section 16. Court Ordered Evaluations
Section 17. Emergency Placement
Section 18. Secure Detention Prohibited
Section 19. Visitation
Chapter 7. Reasonable Efforts
Section 1. Reasonable [Active] Efforts Required
Section 2. Case reports and plans
Section 3. Findings
Section 4. Status Review Hearings
Chapter 8. Termination of Parental Rights
Section 1. Termination of Parental Rights
Section 2. Mandated Petitions to Terminate Parental Rights
Section 3. Court Findings Where Termination of Parental Rights Not Sought Transfer from other Jurisdictions and Transfer under Indian Child Welfare Act 25 U.S. C. 19 et seq.
Section 1. Transfer of Jurisdiction to Tribal Court
Section 2. Certification of Cases Transferred Under Indian Child Welfare Act
Chapter 9. CASA
Section 1. CASA Appointments
Chapter 10. Alternative Permanency Plan
Section 1. Family Conferencing Plan
Certification

Family
Preface
Section 1. Purpose and Definitions
Section 2. Jurisdiction
Section 3. Marriage
Section 4. Dissolution, Legal Separation and Declaration of Invalidity
Section 5. Child Custody, Parenting Plans and Visitation
Section 6. Parent and Child Relationship
Section 7. Child Support
Appendix A. Child Support Schedule
Section 8. Recognition of Foreign Spousal Support, Child Support and Child Custody Orders
Section 9. Establishment of Child Support Services Program
Section 10. Confidentiality
Section 11. Waiver of Court Fees and Costs
Section 12. Name change petitions
Section 13. Forms
Certification

Domestic Violence [Reserved]

Elder Protection
Section 1. Purpose
Section 2. Jurisdiction
Section 3. Definitions
Section 4. Duty to Report Abuse or Neglect of Elder or Vulnerable Adult and Immunity for Good Faith Reporting
Section 5. Failure to Report and/or False Reporting
Section 6. Confidentiality of Reporter, Reports, Hearings: Penalties for Noncompliance
Section 7. Investigation Requirements
Section 8. Emergency Situation Investigations and Procedures
Section 9. Rights of Elders, Vulnerable Adults Their Families and Their Caretakers
Section 10. Standard of Proof Required
Section 11. Court Process Requirements
Section 12. Elder and Vulnerable Adults Orders: Terms
Section 13. Criminal Prosecutions State or Tribal
Section 14. Severability
Certification

Protective Orders
Section 1. Purpose and Definitions
Section 2. Jurisdiction
Section 3. Civil Orders for Protection
Section 4. Relief Available Through Protection Orders
Section 5. Enforcement
Section 6. Criminal Penalties and Procedures
Section 7. Civil Contempt
Section 8. Evaluation & Treatment of Offenders
Section 9. Emergency Assistance
Section 10. Non-Indians
Section 11. Remedies Not Exclusive
Section 12. Domestic Violence Relief Fund
Section 13. Severability
Certification

Probate
1. Definitions
2. Jurisdiction
3. Notice
4. Effect of Order
Certification

 

NATURAL RESOURCES



Tribal Fishing Rights**
Section 13(e): Traditional Dispute Resolution
Section 13(1): Exclusive Jurisdiction of Tribal Council on Certain Matters
Certification

Wildlife Management [Reserved]

Marine Harvest**

Mining**
Section 6001. Short Title
Section 6002. Findings
Section 6003. Purpose
Section 6004. Definitions
Section 6005. Scope
Section 6006. Prohibition on Mining in Tributaries
Section 6007. Establishment of Permit Review Committee, Duties, Functions, and Authorities
Section 6008. Incorporation by Reference
Section 6009. Personal Use of Mineral Materials
Section 6010. Restoration, Staging Area, and Stockpile Operations
Section 6011. Permit Requirements
Section 6012. Permit Fees, Costs, and Deposit
Section 6013. Review Procedure
Section 6014. Determination and Appeals of Application Fees
Section 6015. Performance Bond
Section 6016. TERO Fees
Section 6017. Mining and Reclamation Plan Purpose
Section 6018. Mining and Reclamation Plan Requirements
Section 6019. Mining and Reclamation Practices
Section 6020. Authority to Enter and Inspect Premises and Records
Section 6021. Monitoring and Compliance
Section 6022. Enforcement and Sanctions
Section 6023. Appeals and Judicial Review
Section 6024. Severability
Section 6025. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 6026. Governing Law
Diagram 1. Permit and Review Processes
Diagram 2. NEPA Process
Diagram 3.NHPA Process
Certification

Animal Euthanasia
1. Authority
2. Purpose
3. Findings and Declarations
4. Process Section
5. Authority of Officer/Training
6. Equipment Provision and Storage
7. Severability
Certification

Tribal Hunt [Reserved]

Big Game Hunt Reporting
General Provisions
Section 9001. Short Title
Section 9002. Findings
Section 9003. Purpose
Section 9004. Scope
Section 9005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 9006. Severability
Section 9007. Definitions
Chapter 1. Reporting and Data Management
Section 9101. Information to be Reported
Section 9102. Reporting Requirements
Section 9103. Data Management
Chapter 2. Enforcement and Sanctions
Section 9201. Ordinance Violations
Section 9202. Fee Schedule
Section 9203. Enforcement
Chapter 3. Jurisdiction of the Tribal Court
Section 9301. Tribal Court Jurisdiction
Section 9302. Avoiding Trial
Certification

 

CULTURAL RESOURCES



Cultural Resources Protection
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Purpose
Section 3. Findings and Declarations
Section 4. Definitions
Section 5. Scope and Jurisdiction
Section 6. Prohibited Activities
Section 7. Cultural Resource Management Permits
Section 8. Inadvertent Discovery
Section 9. Roles and Responsibilities
Section 10. Mitigation and Abatement
Section 11. Enforcement
Section 12. Civil Penalties
Section 13. Civil Damages and/or Injunctive Actions
Section 14. Cultural Resource Protection Fund
Section 15. Confidentiality
Section 16. Severability
Section 17. Sovereign Immunity
Section 18. Amendments
Certification

Alienation of Cultural Items
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Findings and Intent
Section 3. Definitions
Section 4. Prohibited Activities
Section 5. Civil Penalty
Section 6. Court Action and Injunctions
Section 7. Notice of Violation
Section 8. Appeal from Penalty
Section 9. Sovereign Immunity
Section 10. Severability
Section 7. Effective Date
Certification

 

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION



Water Quality Control
Section 1. Short Title, Findings, and Purpose
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Establishment of Duties, Functions, and Authorities
Section 4. Permitting
Section 5. Wellhead Protection
Section 6. General Water Quality Criteria
Section 7. Civil Penalties
Section 8. Clean-Up and Abatement
Section 9. Court Action and Injunctions
Section 10. Severability
Section 11. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 12. Effective Date

Water Pollution Control
Interim Ordinance Prohibiting the Discharge of Any Pollutant into the Waters of the Yurok Reservation
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Findings and Declaration
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Prohibited Discharges
Section 4. Civil Penalty
Section 5. Clean-Up and Abatement
Section 6. Court Action and Injunctions
Section 7. Effective Date
Certification
Yurok Tribal Ordinance Prohibiting Illegal Dumping on the Yurok Reservation: Ordinance No. YTC-1-08
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Purpose
Section 3. Definitions
Section 4. Effect of Ordinance
Section 5. Application
Section 6. Enforcement
Section 7. Penalties
Section 8. Sovereign Immunity
Section 9. Effective Date and Amendments
Certification

Air Quality
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Purpose
Section 3. Findings and Declarations
Section 4. Jurisdiction
Section 5. Definitions
Section 6. Principal Air Quality Provisions
Section 7. Burn Permit Process
Section 8 . Entry and Inspection
Section 9. Citations
Section 10. Enforcement Process
Section 11. Civil Penalties
Section 12. Criminal Penalties
Section 13. Civil Damages and/or Injunctive Actions
Section 14. Environmental Protection Fund
Section 15. Severability
Section 16. Sovereign Immunity
Section 17. Amendments
Section 18. Effective Date
Certification
Yurok Tribe Smoke Management Plan
1. Introduction
1.1. Jurisdiction
1.2. Purpose
1.3. Smoke Management Goals and Objectives
1.4. Coordination with Existing Guidance
1.5. Background
1.6. Classification
2. Program Operations
2.1. Program Organization
2.2. Permit Process
2.3. Burn Advisories
2.4. Location, Amount, and Timing of Burns
2.5. Best Management Practices
2.6. Surveillance and Enforcement
2.7. Public Involvement
3. Meteorological and Air Quality Parameters
3.1. Synoptic Weather Data
3.2. Wind
3.3. Inversions and Mixing Heights
3.4. Field Fuel Moisture Conditions
3.5. Precipitation
3.6. Visibility
3.7. Air Stagnation Advisories
3.8. Air Quality Monitoring
3.9. Complaints
4. Program Documentation
4.1. Annual Reporting
4.2. Plan Review
4.3. Records Retention
5. User Instructions - Agriculture/Timber/Wildlands Burning
5.1. Regulation and Authority
5.2. Registration
5.3. Implied Consent
5.4. Alternatives Analysis
5.5. Emissions Reduction
5.6. Minimum Certification Required
5.7. Fees
5.8. Conditions on Burning
5.9. Visual Monitoring
6. User Instructions - Seasonal Domestic Burning
6.1. Regulation and Authority
6.2. Registration
6.3. Implied Consent
6.4. Minimum Certification Required
6.5. Fees
6.6. Restrictions on Burning
7. Appeals
8. Penalties
Attachment A. Yurok Tribe Application for Field Registration 2003
Attachment B. Detailed Information Sheet
Attachment C. Yurok Tribal Environmental Program Sediment Sampling Sheet

Hazardous Substances [Reserved]

Illegal Dumping
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Purpose
Section 3. Definitions
Section 4. Effect of Ordinance
Section 5. Application
Section 6. Enforcement
Section 7. Penalties
Section 8. Sovereign Immunity
Section 9. Effective Date and Amendments
Certification

Underground Storage Tank
Section 1. Authority
Section 2. Purpose
Section 3. Findings and Declarations
Section 4. Jurisdiction
Section 5. Definitions
Section 6. Exemptions
Section 7. Enforcement Process
Section 8. Entry and Inspection
Section 9. Citations
Section 10. Enforcement Process
Section 11. Civil Penalties
Section 12. Criminal Penalties
Section 13. Civil Damages and/or Injunctive Actions
Section 14. Environmental Protection Fund
Section 15. Severability
Section 16. Sovereign Immunity
Section 17. Amendments
Section 18. Effective Date
Section 19. Certification

Pesticides [Reserved]

Blight [Reserved]

 

BUSINESS AND LABOR



Business Corporations
Definitions
Part 1. Formation of Corporations by Tribal Charter
Section 1. Scope
Section 2. Fees
Section 3. Annual Report
Section 4. General Powers of Business Corporations
Section 5. Defense of Ultra Vires Acts
Section 6. Articles of Incorporation
Section 7. Filing Articles of Incorporation
Section 8. Effect of Certificate of Incorporation
Section 9. Initial Meeting of Directors
Part 2. Shares, Shareholders and Distributions
Section 1. Authorized Shares
Section 2. Share Certificates Shares
Section 3. Subscription for Shares
Section 4. Price of Shares
Section 5. Expenses of Organization, Reorganization and Financing
Section 6. Shareholder Liability
Section 7. Stated Capital; Determination of Amount
Section 8. Payment of Deficits
Section 9. Insolvent Corporation Prohibited From Purchasing Own Shares
Section 10. Restrictions on Transfers of Shares
Section 11. Offer to Sell Shares
Section 12. Notice of Transfer Restrictions on Issued Shares
Section 13. Transfer of Shares in Breach of Transfer Restrictions
Section 14. Sale of Assets - Shareholder Approval
Section 15. Election Not to Have a Board of Directors
Section 16. Shareholder Agreements
Section 17. Shareholders' Right to Inspect Records
Section 18. Annual Meeting
Section 19. Special Meetings of Shareholders
Section 20. Notice of Shareholders' Meeting
Section 21. Shareholder Sale Option at Death
Section 22. Actions by Shareholders
Section 23. Limited Liability
Part 3. Directors and Officers
Section 1. Duties of Board of Directors
Section 2. Qualifications of Directors
Section 3. Terms of Directors
Section 4. Removal of Directors by Shareholders
Section 5. Removal of Directors by Judicial Proceeding
Section 6. Meetings
Section 7. Action without Meeting
Section 8. Notice of Meeting
Section 9. Waiver of Notice
Section 10. Quorum and Voting
Section 11. General Standards for Directors
Section 12. Director Conflict of Interest
Section 13. Liability for Unlawful Distributions
Section 14. Officers
Section 15. Standards of Conduct for Officers
Section 16. Resignation and Removal of Officers
Section 17. Indemnification
Section 18. Mandatory Indemnification
Section 19. Insurance
Part 4. Amending Articles of Incorporation
Section 1. Resolution for Proposed Amendment
Section 2. Notice of Proposed Amendment
Section 3. Vote of Shareholders Meeting
Section 4. Classes of Shares Entitled to Vote
Section 5. Articles of Amendment
Part 5. Dissolution
Section 1. Dissolution by Board of Directors and Shareholders
Section 2. Shareholder Option to Dissolve the Corporation
Section 3. Articles of Dissolution
Section 4. Effect of Dissolution
Section 5. Known Claims Against Dissolved Corporation
Section 6. Unknown Claims Against Dissolved Corporation
Section 7. Grounds for Administrative Dissolution
Section 8. Procedure for Administrative Dissolution
Section 9. Judicial Dissolution
Section 10. Procedure for Judicial Dissolution
Section 11. Deposit in Designated Account
Section 12. Severability
Part 6. Formation of Non-Profit Corporation
Section 1. Scope
Section 2. General Powers of Non-Profit Corporations
Section 3. Limitations
Section 4. Limitations on I.R.C. Section 509(a) Private Foundations
Section 5. Defense of Ultra Vires Acts of Non-Profit Corporation
Section 6. Articles of Incorporation
Section 7. Filing Articles of Incorporation
Section 8. Effect of Filing Articles of incorporation
Section 9. Initial Meeting of Directors
Section 10. Filing Articles of Incorporation.
Section 11. Effect of Filing the Articles of Incorporation.
Section 12. Initial Meeting of Directors.
Section 13. Admission of Members.
Section 14. Differences in Rights and Obligations of Members.
Section 15. Transfers
Section 16. Resignation
Section 17. Termination
Section 18. Purchase of Memberships
Section 19. Annual Members' Meeting
Section 20. Special Meetings of Members
Section 21. Notice of Members' Meetings
Section 22. Amendments to Bylaws and Articles of Corporations without Members.
Section 23. Distributions by Public Benefit Corporations.
Section 24. Voluntary Dissolution.
Section 25. Jurisdiction of Yurok Tribal Court
Section 26. liquidation Procedure
Section 27. Qualification of Receivers
Certification

Tribal Employment Rights Office
General Provisions
Section 4001. Short Title
Section 4002. Findings
Section 4003. Purpose
Section 4004. Scope
Section 4005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 4006. Effective Date
Section 4008. Severability
Section 4009. Definitions
Chapter 1. Tribal Employment Rights Office
Section 4101. Establishment and Organization of TERO
Section 4102. Duties of TERO Officer
Section 4103. Powers and Authorities of TERO Officer
Section 4104. Inspections
Chapter 2. Oversight by Tribal Council
Section 4201. Powers and Authorities of Council
Section 4202. Complaints Against TERO ??????????
Chapter 3. Indian Preference in Employment
Section 4301. Indian Preference in Employment
Section 4302. Covered Positions
Section 4303. Qualified Indians
Section 4304. Eligible Indians
Section 4305. Proof of Yurok or Indian Eligibility
Section 4306. Tribal Skills Bank
Section 4307. TERO Card
Chapter 4. Indian Preference in Contracting
Section 4401. Indian Preference in Contracting
Section 4402. Indian Finn Eligibility Requirements
Section 4403. Certification of an Indian Firm
Section 4404. Eligible Indian Firms
Section 4405. Specific Indian Preference Obligations of Contractors
Section 4406. Subcontractors
Section 4407. Unions
Section 4408. Tribal Prevailing Wage
Chapter 5. Implementation of Indian Preference in Contracting
Section 4501. Indian Preference Plan
Section 4502. Indian Preference Goals for Indian Preference Plan
Section 4503. TERO Permit
Section 4504. Ongoing TERO Compliance; Filling Available Positions
Section 4505. Final Payment; Compliance
Section 4506. Training
Section 4507. Layoffs or Reductions in Workforce
Section 4508. Promotions
Section 4509. Employment Procedures
Section 4510. Prohibition Against Retaliation
Chapter 6. TERO Fee in Contracting
Section 4601. TERO Fee
Section 4602. TERO Fee Collection
Section 4603. TERO Fee Exemption
Section 4604. TERO Fee Reconciliation
Chapter 7. Hearings and Appeals
Section 4701. Filing Procedure for Alleged Violation
Section 4702. Investigation by TERO Officer
Section 4703. Issuance of Citation
Section 4704. TERO Officer Hearing Procedures
Section 4705. Emergency Relief.
Section 4706. Administrative Appeals
Section 4707. Final Administrative Action
Chapter 8. Enforcement and Sanctions
Section 4801. Sanctions
Section 4802. TERO Applicant Responsibilities
Section 4803. Willful Violation of TERO Ordinance
Section 4804. Debarment
Section 4805. Monetary Civil Penalties
Section 4806. Late Payment of Fees; Interest
Section 4807. Enforcement; Costs
Chapter 9. Tribal Court Review and Enforcement
Section 4901. Tribal Court Review of Decisions
Section 4902. Standard of Judicial Review
Section 4903. Tribal Court Enforcement of Decisions
Section 4904. Remedies
Certification

Copyright Protection
Authority
Purpose
Section 1. Definitions
Section 2. Exclusive Rights
Section 3. Fair Use - Limitations on Exclusive Rights
Section 4. Duration of Copyright Protection
Section 5. Works for Hire
Section 6. Violation of Ordinance
Section 7. Remedies
Section 8. Registration of Copyright
Section 9. Contested Ownership/Copyright
Certification

Prevailing Wage
Section 1. Title
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Payment of Prevailing Wages Required
Section 4. Determination of Tribal Prevailing Wage
Section 5. Employer Requirements
Section 6. Tribal Court Action and Remedies
Section 7. Sovereign Immunity
Certification

Gaming
1. Purpose
2. Gaming Authorized
3. Ownership of Gaming Facilities and/or Enterprises
4. Use of Gaming Revenue
5. Audit
6. Protection of the Environment and Public Health and Safety
7. Licenses for Key Employees and Primary Management Officials
8. Licensing of Gaming Places, Facilities and Locations
9. Creation of Yurok Tribal Gaming Commission
10. Repeal
Certification

Cash Advance [Reserved]

 

LAND MANAGEMENT AND PROPERTY



Land Assignment
10.01. Purpose
10.02. Authority
10.03. Definitions?
10.04. Approval of Assignments of Land
10.05. Persons Eligible for Assignment
10.06. Procedure for Applying for Assignments of Land
10.07. Certificate of Assignment - Issuance
10.08. Certificate of Assignment - Records
10.09. Use of Property
10.10. Interest Conveyed
10.11. Occupancy and Beneficial Use
10.12. Title to Building and Ownership of Improvements
10.13. Disposition of Improvements
10.14. Construction Standards
10.15. Maintenance by Assignee
10.16. Removal of Non-merchantable Timber
10.17. Merchantable Timber Reserved
10.18. Other Reservations by the Tribe
10.19. Control of Water
10.20. Land Available for Assignment
10.21. Size of Assigned Lots
10.22. Tenure of Assignment
10.23. Assignment to Couples
10.24. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Designated Beneficiary
10.25. Disposition of Assignment at Death - No Designated Beneficiary
10.26. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Yurok Tribal Member Spouse
10.27. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Non-Member Spouse
10.28. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Remarriage of Non-Member
10.29. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Surviving Children
10.30. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Name During Use
10.31. Disposition of Assignment at Death - No Survivors
10.32. Disposition of Assignment at Death - Unmarried Couple
10.33. Disposition of Assignment on Divorce - Tribal Member Spouse
10.34. Disposition of Assignment on Divorce - Non-member Spouse
10.35. Disposition of Assignment on Divorce - Remarriage of Non-member Spouse
10.36. Disposition of Assignment on Divorce - No Member Child or Spouse
10.37. Moving from the Reservation - Notice
10.38. Moving from the Reservation - Failure to Notify
10.39. Relinquishment of Assignment
10.40. Exchanges and Transfers of Assignments Generally
10.41. Exchanges and Transfers of Assignments- Procedure for Request
10.42. Certificate of Assignment - Reassignments
10.43. Revocation of Assignments
10.44. Assignment Revocation - Violations
10.45. Probationary Period
10.46. Procedure for Revocation of Assignments
10.47. Violations and Penalties
10.48. Other Penalties
I0.49. Interpretation
10.50. No Vested Right in Individual/No Non-Tribal Jurisdiction
10.51. No Waiver of Sovereign Immunity
10.52. Severability
10.53. Effective Date
Certification

Subdivision Ordinance**

Unlawful Detainer
General Provisions
Section 4001. Short Title
Section 4002. Findings
Section 4003. Purpose
Section 4004. Scope
Section 4005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 4006. Severability
Section 4007. Effective Date
Section 4008. Repeal of Conflicting Ordinance Provisions
Section 4009. Definitions
Chapter 1. Prohibited Conduct
Section 4101. Forcible Entry Defined
Section 4102. Forcible Detainer Defined
Section 4103. Forcible Entry and Detainer Prohibited
Section 4104. Unlawful Detainer Defined
Section 4105. Unlawful Detainer Prohibited
Chapter 2. Unlawful Detainer Proceeding
Section 4201. Service of Notice Generally
Section 4202. Service of Notice for Forcible Detainer and Enter Not Required
Section 4203. Service of Notice for Mobile homes
Section 4204. Necessary Party Tenants; Joinder; Judgment; Subtenants after Notice to
Tenant; Persons Bound by Judgment
Section 4205. Complaint; Summons
Section 4206. Immediate Possession by Writ
Section 4207. Undertaking; Limitation on Defendant?s Damage Action
Section 4208. Summons; Form; Issuance; Service and Return
Section 4209. Pleading; Time Allowed
Section 4210. Motion to Quash Service or Stay or Dismiss Action; Time Allowed
Section 4211. Hearing on a Motion
Section 4212. Extension of Time; Consent of Adverse Party
Chapter 3. Trial and Judgment
Section 4301. Applicable Rules of Practice
Section 4302. Priority of Actions
Section 4303. Entry of Default; Application for Relief
Section 4304. Trials; Prima Facie Case
Section 4305. Defenses
Section 4306. Final Judgment
Chapter 4. Remedies and Enforcement
Section 4401. Restitution of Premises; Forfeiture of Lease
Section 4402. Damages
Section 4403. Enforcement; Disposition of Personal Property
Certification

Housing and Occupancy**

 

TAXATION



Retail Sales Tax
General Provisions
Section 3001. Short Title
Section 3002. Findings
Section 3003. Purpose
Section 3004. Scope
Section 3005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 3006. Severability
Section 3007. Effective Date
Section 3008. Repeal of Conflicting Ordinance Provisions
Section 3009. Definitions
Chapter 1. Retail Sales Tax
Section 3101. Imposition of Sales Tax
Section 3102. Calculation of Sales Tax
Section 3103. Responsibility for Sales Tax Payment
Section 3104. Exempt Retail Sales
Chapter 2. Administration of Retail Sales Tax
Section 3201. Administration
Section 3202. Collection of Sales Tax
Section 3203. Quarterly Remittance
Section 3204. Quarterly Tax Return
Section 3205. Confidentiality of Tax Returns
Section 3206. Record Keeping Requirements
Section 3207. Audit
Chapter 3. Use of Retail Sales Tax Revenues
Section 330 1. Separate Account
Section 3302. Allocation of Revenue to Visitor Industry
Chapter 4. Refunds
Section 3401. Overpayment
Section 3402. Operator Refund
Section 3403. Buyer Refund
Chapter 5. Enforcement
Section 3501. Penalties
Section 3502. Failure to Collect and Report Tax
Certification

Room Occupancy Tax
General Provisions
Section 4001. Short Title
Section 4002. Findings
Section 4003. Purpose
Section 4004. Scope
Section 4005. Sovereign Immunity Preserved
Section 4006. Severability
Section 4007. Effective Date
Section 4009. Definitions
Chapter 1. Room Occupancy Tax
Section 4101. Imposition of Room Tax
Section 4102. Calculation of Room Tax
Section 4103. Responsibility for Room tax Payment
Section 4104. Exempt Transients
Chapter 2. Administration of Room Occupancy Tax
Section 4201. Administration
Section 4202. Collection of Room Tax
Section 4203. Quarterly Remittance
Section 4204. Quarterly Tax Return
Section 4205. Confidentiality of Tax Returns
Section 4206. Record Keeping Requirement s
Section 4207. Audit
Chapter 3. Use of Room Occupancy Tax Revenues
Section 4301. Separate Account
Section 4302. Allocation of Revenue to Visitor Industry
Chapter 4. Refunds
Section 4010. Overpayment
Section 4401. Operator Refund
Section 4402. Transient Refund
Chapter 5. Enforcement
Section 4501. Penalties
Section 4502. Failure to Collect and Report Tax
Certification

Alcohol Tax [Reserved]

Tobacco Products Tax [Reserved]


[Table of Contents created by NILL in January 2015, based on materials available on tribe's website.]