Laws and Regulations:
Tribal, Federal, State

Tribal Laws and Regulations:

Many tribes have education laws, codes, and ordinances. Provided here are links to the education laws of just a few tribes around the country. To see more tribal laws, please visit our Tribal Law Gateway.

These tribal education laws show the breadth of tribal governance in education in areas such as school boards, tribal education committees, and the role of tribal law enforcement in education. Some tribal education codes, such as the Yankton Sioux Tribe, provides for a Tribal Education Department. They address topics such as education curriculum, standards, and programs. They deal with accreditation, budgets and finance, facilities, construction, and transportation. Many provide for educator, student, and parental rights.

Some of these tribal education laws concern a variety of levels of schooling, including pre-school. Some of the laws pertain only to schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, but others pertain to the state public schools that serve tribal students, and thus contain unique provisions about state law and authority, and intergovernmental cooperative agreements between tribes and states in education.

Colorado River, Education Code (2004)

Eastern Band of Cherokee, Ch. 115 (2003)

Grand Traverse, Title 16 (2003)

Ho-Chunk, Dept of Education (2004)

Mille Lacs, Title 9 (2003)

Muscogee (Creek), Title 18, Education (2010)

Navajo, Title 10 (Fee-based, Westlaw)

Nisqually, Title 12 (2003)

Oglala Sioux, Ch. 26 (1996)

Rosebud Sioux, Education Code (1991)

Skokomish, Title 2 (2002), Education Ordinance (Sections 2.02.001 through 2.02.032)

Stockbridge-Munsee, Ch. 45 (2003)

Yankton Sioux, Title 15 (1995)

Federal Laws and Regulations:


Provisions in No Child Left Behind that Expressly Mention TEDs

Congressional authorizations for TED funding

Executive Documents:

2004 Executive Order on American Indian and Alaska Native Education - Executive Order #13336

Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies - Government-to-Government Relationship with Tribal Governments - September 2004

1998 Executive Order on American Indian and Alaska Native Education - Executive Order #13096

Regional Partnership Forum Report - July, 2002

Comprehensive Federal Indian Education Policy Statement - January 2001

The U.S. Department of Education's Consultation and Coordination Process With Indian Tribal Governments Under Executive Order 13175


U.S. Education Secretary Duncan Announces Pilot Program to Increase State-Tribal Collaboration (May 30, 2012). The STEP pilot program application is available at for CFDA number 84.415)

State Laws and Regulations:

Indian Education Law in Arizona

Provisions in state laws that expressly mention TEDs (2004)

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