2021 Law Review and Bar Journal Articles



Title: Alaska Native Corporation endowment models.
Author: Snigaroff, Robert; Richards, Craig
Source: 38 Alaska L. Rev 1 (2021)

Title: Alaska's tribal trust lands: A forgotten history.
Author: Scherer, Kyle E.
Source: 38 Alaska L. Rev. 37 (2021)

Title: Selective justice: A crisis of missing and murdered Alaska Native women.
Author: Mallonee, Megan
Source: 38 Alaska L. Rev. 93 (2021)

Title: In defense of the Indian Commerce Clause.
Author: Andrews, Stephen
Source: 9 Am. Indian. L.J. 182 (2021)

Title: The time is now for the IACHR to address climate action as a human right: Indigenous communities can lead (again).
Author: Diaconu, Lara C.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 213 (2021)

Title: Unqualified? Investing in qualified opportunity zones on reservations.
Author: Gibson, Ben
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 242 (2021)

Title: Beyond a sliver of a full moon: Acknowledging and abolishing white bias to restore safety and sovereignty to Indian Country.
Author: Hannon, Mary
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 257 (2021)

Title: Inuit Nunangat regional overlaps: Reciprocal harvesting & wildlife management agreements.
Author: Macneill, Christopher M.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 291 (2021)

Title: Rebalancing Bracker forty years later.
Author: McClure, William; McClure, Thomas E.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 333 (2021)

Title: Native nations' land ownership and our disservice to their people and culture: A proposed legislative solution and a lesson to be learned.
Author: Missirian, David E.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 383 (2021)

Title: The blind eye: Jus Soli, and the "pretended" Treaty of New Echota.
Author: Rossi, Christopher Robert
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 402 (2021)

Title: Case law on American Indians.
Author: Schlosser, Thomas
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 434 (2021)

Title: ICWA's irony.
Author: Zug, Marcia
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 1 (2021)

Title: The Secretary of the Interior has the authority to take land into trust for federally recognized Alaska tribes.
Author: O'Connor, Meghan
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 89 (2021)

Title: "The desert is our home."
Author: Molina, Kayla
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 125 (2021)

Title: Coeur D'alene Tribe v. Hawks: Why federal courts have the power to recognize and enforce tribal court judgments against nonmembers "because of the federal government's unique relationship with Indian tribes."
Author: Albert, Heath
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 167 (2021)

Title: The disproportionate effect on Native American women extending the Federal Involuntary Manslaughter Act to include a woman's conduct against her child in utero: United States v. Flute.
Author: Netherland, Andie B.
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 191 (2021)

Title: Mirrored harms: Unintended consequences in the grant of tribal court jurisdiction over non-Indian abusers.
Author: Riedel, Jonathan
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 211 (2021)

Title: The tribal right to exclude others from Indian-owned lands.
Author: Skibine, Alex Tallchief
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 261 (2021)

Title: Impact of the coronavirus and federal responses on Indigenous peoples' health, security, and sovereignty.
Author: Smith, Libby
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 297 (2021)

Title: State v. Nobles: Chance to settle needless jurisdictional turbulence.
Author: Snyder, Kaylee
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 361 (2021)

Title: The Supreme Court of Washington's broad interpretation of the "reason to know" standard in In Re Dependency of Z.J.G. and why a uniform, broad interpretation of the standard will lead to better outcomes.
Author: Hartsook, Dylan
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 387 (2021)

Title: Cultural competency and the law: Productive justice for American Indians.
Author: Mallinak, Audrey
Source: 30 Annals Health L. Advance Directive 179 (2021)

Title: Mitigating disparities in access to healthcare among Native American communities through telehealth.
Author: Perl, Delaney
Source: 30 Annals Health L. Advance Directive 247 (2021)

Title: Coming home again: Tribal sovereignty, the Tribal Wildlife Grant Project, and their potential for endemic wildlife reintroduction.
Author: Cliburn, Andrew; Hoffman, Hillary
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 1 (2021)

Title: Sustainable red power: Tribal energy sovereignty and the way forward.
Author: Dobson, Dillon
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 40 (2021)

Title: Disproportionate police militarization at Standing Rock violated international law.
Author: Ornstein, Edward Randall
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 65 (2021)

Title: Environmental racism in Indian Country: An analysis of its impacts on the environment and natural resources and its connection to the diminishment of tribal sovereignty.
Author: Sweeden, Andie J.
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 107 (2021)

Title: Toward tribal regulatory sovereignty in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Author: Florey, Katherine
Source: 63 Ariz. L. Rev. 399 (2021)

Title: The (potential) legal history of Indian gaming.
Author: Wood, William
Source: 63 Ariz. L. Rev. 969 (2021)

Title: Building a basketball arena on tribal land: A collaborative approach for the National Basketball Association and American Indian tribes.
Author: Hawley, Leigh
Source: 10 Ariz. St. Sports & Ent. L.J. 57 (2021)

Title: Mountains, telescopes, and broken promises: The dignity taking of Hawai'i's ceded lands.
Author: Uyeda, Cody
Source: 28 Asian Am. L.J. 65 (2021)

Title: Reclaiming the past for Mauna A Wākea's future: The battle over collective memory and Hawai'i's most sacred mountain.
Author: Fa'agua Kamailelauli'i, Terina
Source: 22 Asian-Pac. L. & Pol'y J. 1 (2021)


Title: The Indian law bombshell: McGirt v. Oklahoma.
Author: Miller, Robert; Dolan, Torey
Source: 101 Bos. U. L. Rev. 2049 (2021)


Title: Decolonizing Indigenous migration.
Author: Riley, Angela; Carpenter, Kristen
Source: 109 Calif. L. Rev. 63 (2021)

Title: The Cherokee Tribal Court: Its origins and its place in the American judicial system.
Author: Letts, Bradley
Source: 43 Campbell L. Rev. 47 (2021)

Title: Commandeering the Indian Child Welfare Act: Native American rights exception to Tenth Amendment challenges.
Author: Shaw, Jessie
Source: 42 Cardozo L. Rev. 2007 (2021)

Title: Protecting the children of Indian Country: A call to expand tribal court jurisdiction and devote more funding to Indian child safety.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 27 Cardozo J. Equal Rts. & Soc. Just. 225 (2021)

Title: What's mine is yours: An analysis of the federal laws used to compensate the Navajo Nation and remediate abandoned uranium mines and mills on the reservation.
Author: Phillips, Cody
Source: 32 Colo. Nat. Resources, Energy & Envtl L. Rev. 75 (2021)

Title: The subdelegation doctrine as a legal tool for establishing tribal comanagement of public lands: Through the lens of Bears Ears National Monument.
Author: Franz, Daniel
Source: 32 Colo. Nat. Resources, Energy & Envtl L. Rev. 1 (2021)

Title: The time trap: Addressing the stereotypes that undermine tribal sovereignty.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 53 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 189 (2021)

Title: Using peacemaking circles to Indigenize tribal child welfare.
Author: van Schilfgaarde, Lauren; Shelton, Brett Lee
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 1 (2021)

Title: Unenforced promises: Treaty rights as a mechanism to address the impact of energy projects near tribal lands.
Author: Merlin, Alyson
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 373 (2021)

Title: Abolition, settler colonialism, and the persistent threat of Indian child welfare.
Author: Beardall, Theresa Rocha; Edwards, Frank
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 533 (2021)

Title: Twentieth century Black and Native activism against the child taking system: Lessons for the present.
Author: Briggs, Laura
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 611 (2021)

Title: Assimilation, removal, discipline, and confinement: Native girls and government invention.
Author: Rolnick, Addie C.
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 811 (2021)

Title: Toward tribal sovereignty: Environmental regulation in Oklahoma after McGirt.
Author: Chen, Kimberly
Source: 121 Colum. L. Rev. Forum 95 (2021)


Title: Help for missing American Indian and Alaska Native children.
Author: Clark, John F.
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 5 (2021)

Title: AMBER Alert in Indian Country.
Author: Walters, Jim; Blasing, Melissa
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 21 (2021)

Title: The Tribal Engagement Program (TEP) builds bridges for tribal partners.
Author: Naternicola, Kristi
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 35 (2021)

Title: Missing or murdered Indigenous people: Culturally based prevention strategies.
Author: Gordon, Heather Sauyaq Jean; Roberts, Travis W.M.
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 47 (2021)

Title: Jurisdictional solutions in Indian Country to support missing or murdered Indigenous people efforts.
Author: Denke, Bill; Lee, Bruce; Lysakowski, Matthew; O'Neal, Jason
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 71 (2021)

Title: National survey estimates of violence against American Indian and Alaska Native people.
Author: Rosay, Andre B.
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 91 (2021)

Title: Addressing sexual abuse, assault, and trafficking as co-morbidities in missing or murdered Indigenous populations.
Author: Pierce-Weeks, Jennifer
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 129 (2021)

Title: Enhancing law enforcement response to missing person cases in tribal communities.
Author: Weyand, Ernst H.; McPherson, Lori
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed L. & Prac. 137 (2021)

Title: Prevention strategies related to missing or murdered Native Americans.
Author: Darling, Elizabeth
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 159 (2021)

Title: Working together: Building and sustaining a multijurisdictional response to missing or murdered Indigenous children and adolescents.
Author: Connell, Catherine S; Hagen, Leslie A.; Knapp, Stephanie
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 5 (2021)

Title: Victim services for Native families with missing loved ones.
Author: Stewart, Michele L.; Mow, Tiffany; Vandever, Sharon, et al.
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 27 (2021)

Title: Criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country.
Author: Leonhard, M. Brent
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 45 (2021)

Title: Violent crime in Indian Country and the federal response.
Author: Hagen, Leslie A.
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 79 (2021)

Title: American Indian and Alaska Native knowledge and public health for the primary prevention of missing or murdered Indigenous persons.
Author: Satter, Delight E.; Mercer Kollar, Laura M., et al.
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 149 (2021)

Title: Trauma-informed, culturally relevant psychological responses in cases of missing or murdered Indigenous peoples.
Author: Tehee, Melissa; Ross, Royleen J.; McCloskey, Charlotte; GreyWolf, Iva
Source: 69 DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 251 (2021)

Title: Tribal lending after Gingras.
Author: King, Max
Source: 19 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 122 (2021)


Title: An 'unfulfilled, hollow promise': Lyng, Navajo Nation, and the substantial burden on Native American religious practice.
Author: Williams, Joel West; DeLisle, Emily
Source: 43 Ecology L.Q. 1 (2021)



Title: Without doors: Native nations and the Convention.
Author: Bilder, Mary Sarah
Source: 89 Fordham L. Rev. 1707 (2021)

Title: "The rule of the strong, not the rule of law": Reexamining implicit divestiture after McGirt v. Oklahoma.
Author: Palandrani, Joseph
Source: 89 Fordham L. Rev. 2375 (2021)

Title: Tribes, vaccines, and COVID-19: A look at tribal responses to the pandemic.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 49 Fordham Urb. L.J. 31 (2021)


Title: Has federal Indian law finally arrived at "the far end of the trail of tears"?
Author: Tweedy, Ann
Source: 37 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 739 (2021)

Title: The reasonable Indigenous youth standard.
Author: Tapu, Ian F.
Source: 56 Gonz. L. Rev. 529 (2021)



Title: American imperialism in Hawai'i: How the United States illegally usurped a sovereign nation and got away with it.
Author: Nasser, Noelani
Source: 48 Hastings Const. L.Q. 319 (2021)

Title: Tribally defined citizenship criteria: Countering whiteness as property interpretations of "Indian" for restoring inherent sovereignty.
Author: Bable, Lori
Source: 18 Hastings Race & Property L.J. 29 (2021)

Title: Tribal power, worker power: Organizing unions in the context of Native sovereignty.
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 1162 (2021)

Title: Rethinking protections for Indigenous sacred sites.
Author: Steele, Michalyn; Barclay, Stephanie Hall
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 1294 (2021)

Title: Oneida Nation v. Village of Hobart.
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 1583 (2021)

Title: Contract law--forced arbitration--third circuit rules that tribal payday lenders cannot compel arbitration. Williams v. Medley Opportunity Fund II, LP.
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 2582 (2021)

Title: The (Indigenous) case for shareholder primacy and its role in climate justice.
Author: Fredericks, Carla
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. F. 340 (2021)

Title: United States v. Cooley.
Source: 135 Harv. L. Rev. 411 (2021)

Title: Ending the interminable gap in Indian Country water quality protection.
Author: Grijalva, James M.
Source: 45 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 1 (2021)

Title: Indian Country post-McGirt: Implications for traditional energy development and beyond.
Author: Kronk Warner, Elizabeth; Tanana, Heather
Source: 45 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 249 (2021)


Title: Tribal opt-in to the Voting Rights Act: Strengthening sovereignty to resist Native voter suppression.
Author: Marotz, Hayden
Source: 56 Idaho L. Rev. 209 (2021)



Title: Mentorship, leadership, and being an Indigenous woman.
Author: Chaco, Ernestine
Source: 69 J. Legal Educ. 630 (2021)

Title: A rite of passage: Perpetuating the invisibility of American Indian lawyers.
Author: Toya, Roshanna
Source: 69 J. Legal Educ. 699 (2021)

Title: Native Hawaiians' disproportional incarceration rates leading to disproportional jail deaths.
Author: Taschner, John
Source: 21 J.L. Society 93 (2021)


Title: Indiana's Indian laws: Indigenous erasure and racism in the land of the Indians.
Author: Hoss, Aila
Source: 30-SPG Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 184 (2021)

Title: Incorporation by any other name? Comparing Congress' federalization of tribal court criminal procedure with the Supreme Court's regulation of state courts.
Author: Gross, Jordan
Source: 109 Ky. L.J. 299 (2021) *


Title: The execution of Lezmond Mitchell: An analysis of federal Indian law, criminal jurisdiction, and the death penalty as applied to Native Americans.
Author: Kirchner, Mary Margaret
Source: 25 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 649 (2021)

Title: Trust betrayed: The reluctance to recognize judicially enforceable trust obligations under the Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA).
Author: Schneider, Lauren E.
Source: 52 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 1099 (2021)



Title: Legal barriers to tribal jurisdiction over violence against women in Maine: Developments and paths forward.
Author: Ciffolillo, Nina
Source: 73 Me. L. Rev. 351 (2021)

Title: Jurisprudence and recommendations for tribal court authority due to imposition of U.S. limitations.
Author: Eagle Woman, Angelique
Source: 47 Mitchell Hamline L. Rev. 342 (2021)

Title: Permanent homelands through treaties with the United States: Restoring faith in the tribal nation-U.S. relationship in light of the McGirt decision.
Author: EagleWoman, Angelique
Source: 47 Mitchell Hamline L. Rev. 640 (2021)

Title: White tape and Indian wards: Removing the federal bureaucracy to empower tribal economies and self-government.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 54 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 563 (2021)

Title: Race to jurisdiction: Forum determination in DV-related child custody actions when survivors flee across reservation lines.
Author: Barber, Joy
Source: 82 Mont. L. Rev. 259 (2021)

Title: Anishinaabe-inaakonigewin: Principles for the intergenerational preservation of mino-bimaadiziwin.
Author: Stark, Kekek Jason
Source: 82 Mont. L. Rev. 293 (2021)


Title: A familiar crossroads: McGirt v. Oklahoma and the future of federal Indian law canon.
Author: Hedden-Nicely, Dylan R.; Leeds, Stacy L.
Source: 51 N.M. L. Rev. 300 (2021)

Title: Man camps and bad men: Litigating violence against American Indian women.
Author: Condes, Ana
Source: 116 Nw. U. L. Rev. 515 (2021)

Title: A great nation keeping its word: The role of tribal treaty rights in climate change litigation.
Author: Gravotta, Noelia
Source: 29 N.Y.U. Envtl. L.J. 118 (2021)

Title: Manifesting a better destiny : Interest convergence and the Indian Claims Commission
Author: Derocher, Patrick
Source: 24 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 511 (2021)

Title: Lies, damn lies, and federal Indian law: The ethics of citing racist precedent in contemporary federal Indian law.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 44 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 529 (2021)



Title: An Oklahoma tribal employer's guide to conducting business in the Tenth Circuit.
Author: Moyer, Chloe
Source: 45 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 215 (2021)

Title: The Absentee Shawnees and the true story of Lake Thunderbird.
Author: Truden, John
Source: 12 Oklahoma Humanities (Fall Winter 2021)


Title: Tying a tribal officer's hands: Tribal law enforcement authority under United States v. Cooley.
Author: Koski, Mikaela
Source: 126 Penn St. L. Rev. 275 (2021)

Title: Bridges to a new era: A report on the past, present, and potential future of tribal co-management on federal public lands.
Author: Mills, Monte; Nie, Martin
Source: 44 Pub. Land & Resources L. Rev. 49 (2021)


Title: The Oglala Lakota and the right to health: The forgotten Americans.
Author: Ginsbach, Katherine Farrell
Source: 24 Quinnipiac Health L.J. 237 (2021)




Title: The other American law.
Author: Reese, Elizabeth
Source: 73 Stan. L. Rev. 555 (2021)

Title: Native treaties and conditional rights after Herrera.
Author: Cole, Katherine
Source:73 Stan. L. Rev. 1047 (2021)

Title: Bison, tribes, and brucellosis in the interagency bison management plan.
Author: Nickoloff, Bailey
Source: 22 Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol'y 18 (2021)

Title: Tribal pardons: A comparative survey.
Author: Novak, Andrew
Source: Available on SSRN.


Title: The past may be prologue, but it does not dictate our future: This is the Muscogee (Creek) Nation's table.
Author: Chaudhuri, Jonodev
Source: 56 Tulsa L. Rev. 369 (2021)

Title: The sky will not fall in Oklahoma.
Author: Summers, Clint
Source: 56 Tulsa L. Rev. 471 (2021)

Title: A coherent ethic of lawyering in post-McGirt Oklahoma.
Author: Combs, Julie
Source: 56 Tulsa L. Rev. 501 (2021)

Title: Back and forth: The continuous legal battle over the oil flow in Dakota Access Pipeline.
Author: Wingard, Lee
Source: 34 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 234 (2021)

Title: Scattered to the winds?: Strengthening the National Historic Preservation Act's tribal consultation mandate to protect Native American sacred sites in the renewable energy development era.
Author: Husk, Sarah
Source: 34 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 273 (2021)


Title: Yazzie et al. v. Hobbs: The 2020 election and voting by mail on- and off-reservation in Arizona.
Author: Schroedel, Jean Reith; Mazareas, Kara, et al.,
Source: 44 U. Ark. Little Rock L. Rev. 193 (2021)

Title: The validity of tribal checkpoints in South Dakota to curb the spread of COVID-19.
Author: Tweedy, Ann
Source: 2021 U. Chicago Legal Forum 233 (2021)

Title: Fracking in Pueblo and Diné communities.
Author: Meyer, Melodie Fracking in Pueblo and Diné communities.
Source: 39 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 89 (2021)

Title: The missing Indian Affairs Clause.
Author: Toler, Lorianne Updike
Source: 88 U. Chi. L. Rev. 413 (2021)

Title: Indigenizing Grand Canyon.
Author: Robison, Jason Anthony
Source: 2021 Utah L. Rev. 101 (2021)

Title: How federal Indian law prevents business development in Indian Country.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 23 U. Pa. J. Bus. L. 683 (2021)

Title: Indigenous perspectives on corporate governance.
Author: Christensen, Grant
Source: 23 U. Pa. J. Bus. L. 902 (2021)

Title: Hawai'i '78: Collective memory and the untold legal history of the reparative action for Kānaka Maoli.
Author: Andrade, Troy H.J.
Source: 24 U. Pa. J. L. & Soc. Change 85 (2021)






Title: Kū Kia'l Mauna: Protecting Indigenous religious rights.
Author: Rosenberg, Joshua
Source: 96 Wash. L. Rev. 277 (2021)

Title: Let Indians decide: How restricting border passage by blood quantum infringes on tribal sovereignty.
Author: Ross, Rebekah
Source: 96 Wash. L. Rev. 311 (2021)

Title: Equity over equality: Equal protection and the Indian Child Welfare Act.
Author: Dempsey, Lucy
Source: 77 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. Online 411 (2021)

Title: A national truth commission for Native Americans.
Author: Ochs, Sara L.
Source: 36 Wis. J.L. Gender & Soc'y 1 (2021)

Title: When justice does not work: A solution focused approach to violence against Native women in Indian Country.
Author: Tehee, Melissa; Killgore, Racheal; Mack, Sallie; Isaacs, Devon; Ficklin, Erica
Source: 36 Wis. J.L. Gender & Soc'y 33 (2021)




Title: Domestic violence, the Indian Child Welfare Act, and Alaska Natives: How domestic violence is weaponized against Alaska Native survivors.
Author: Bouadi, Sumaya
Source: 33 Yale J.L. & Feminism 169 (2021)



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