2021 Law Review and Bar Journal Articles



Title: Alaska Native Corporation endowment models.
Author: Snigaroff, Robert; Richards, Craig
Source: 38 Alaska L. Rev 1 (2021)

Title: Alaska's tribal trust lands: A forgotten history.
Author: Scherer, Kyle E.
Source: 38 Alaska L. Rev. 37 (2021)

Title: Selective justice: A crisis of missing and murdered Alaska Native women.
Author: Mallonee, Megan
Source: 38 Alaska L. Rev. 93 (2021)

Title: In defense of the Indian Commerce Clause.
Author: Andrews, Stephen
Source: 9 Am. Indian. L.J. 182 (2021)

Title: The time is now for the IACHR to address climate action as a human right: Indigenous communities can lead (again).
Author: Diaconu, Lara C.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 213 (2021)

Title: Unqualified? Investing in qualified opportunity zones on reservations.
Author: Gibson, Ben
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 242 (2021)

Title: Beyond a sliver of a full moon: Acknowledging and abolishing white bias to restore safety and sovereignty to Indian Country.
Author: Hannon, Mary
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 257 (2021)

Title: Inuit Nunangat regional overlaps: Reciprocal harvesting & wildlife management agreements.
Author: Macneill, Christopher M.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 291 (2021)

Title: Rebalancing Bracker forty years later.
Author: McClure, William; McClure, Thomas E.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 333 (2021)

Title: Native nations' land ownership and our disservice to their people and culture: A proposed legislative solution and a lesson to be learned.
Author: Missirian, David E.
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 383 (2021)

Title: The blind eye: Jus Soli, and the "pretended" Treaty of New Echota.
Author: Rossi, Christopher Robert
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 402 (2021)

Title: Case law on American Indians.
Author: Schlosser, Thomas
Source: 9 Am. Indian L.J. 434 (2021)

Title: ICWA's irony.
Author: Zug, Marcia
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 1 (2021)

Title: The Secretary of the Interior has the authority to take land into trust for federally recognized Alaska tribes.
Author: O'Connor, Meghan
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 89 (2021)

Title: "The desert is our home."
Author: Molina, Kayla
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 125 (2021)

Title: Coeur D'alene Tribe v. Hawks: Why federal courts have the power to recognize and enforce tribal court judgments against nonmembers "because of the federal government's unique relationship with Indian tribes."
Author: Albert, Heath
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 167 (2021)

Title: The disproportionate effect on Native American women extending the Federal Involuntary Manslaughter Act to include a woman's conduct against her child in utero: United States v. Flute.
Author: Netherland, Andie B.
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 191 (2021)

Title: Mirrored harms: Unintended consequences in the grant of tribal court jurisdiction over non-Indian abusers.
Author: Riedel, Jonathan
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 211 (2021)

Title: The tribal right to exclude others from Indian-owned lands.
Author: Skibine, Alex Tallchief
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 261 (2021)

Title: Impact of the coronavirus and federal responses on Indigenous peoples' health, security, and sovereignty.
Author: Smith, Libby
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 297 (2021)

Title: State v. Nobles: Chance to settle needless jurisdictional turbulence.
Author: Snyder, Kaylee
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 361 (2021)

Title: The Supreme Court of Washington's broad interpretation of the "reason to know" standard in In Re Dependency of Z.J.G. and why a uniform, broad interpretation of the standard will lead to better outcomes.
Author: Hartsook, Dylan
Source: 45 Am. Indian L. Rev. 387 (2021)

Title: Cultural competency and the law: Productive justice for American Indians.
Author: Mallinak, Audrey
Source: 30 Annals Health L. Advance Directive 179 (2021)

Title: Mitigating disparities in access to healthcare among Native American communities through telehealth.
Author: Perl, Delaney
Source: 30 Annals Health L. Advance Directive 247 (2021)

Title: Coming home again: Tribal sovereignty, the Tribal Wildlife Grant Project, and their potential for endemic wildlife reintroduction.
Author: Cliburn, Andrew; Hoffman, Hillary
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 1 (2021)

Title: Sustainable red power: Tribal energy sovereignty and the way forward.
Author: Dobson, Dillon
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 40 (2021)

Title: Disproportionate police militarization at Standing Rock violated international law.
Author: Ornstein, Edward Randall
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 65 (2021)

Title: Environmental racism in Indian Country: An analysis of its impacts on the environment and natural resources and its connection to the diminishment of tribal sovereignty.
Author: Sweeden, Andie J.
Source: 12 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 107 (2021)

Title: Toward tribal regulatory sovereignty in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Author: Florey, Katherine
Source: 63 Ariz. L. Rev. 399 (2021)

Title: The (potential) legal history of Indian gaming.
Author: Wood, William
Source: 63 Ariz. L. Rev. 969 (2021)

Title: Building a basketball arena on tribal land: A collaborative approach for the National Basketball Association and American Indian tribes.
Author: Hawley, Leigh
Source: 10 Ariz. St. Sports & Ent. L.J. 57 (2021)

Title: Mountains, telescopes, and broken promises: The dignity taking of Hawai'i's ceded lands.
Author: Uyeda, Cody
Source: 28 Asian Am. L.J. 65 (2021)

Title: Reclaiming the past for Mauna A Wākea's future: The battle over collective memory and Hawai'i's most sacred mountain.
Author: Fa'agua Kamailelauli'i, Terina
Source: 22 Asian-Pac. L. & Pol'y J. 1 (2021)



Title: The Indian law bombshell: McGirt v. Oklahoma.
Author: Miller, Robert; Dolan, Torey
Source: 101 Bos. U. L. Rev. 2049 (2021)



Title: Decolonizing Indigenous migration.
Author: Riley, Angela; Carpenter, Kristen
Source: 109 Calif. L. Rev. 63 (2021)

Title: Fair use as cultural appropriation.
Author: Reed, Trevor
Source: 109 Cal. L. Rev. 1373 (2021)

Title: The Cherokee Tribal Court: Its origins and its place in the American judicial system.
Author: Letts, Bradley
Source: 43 Campbell L. Rev. 47 (2021)

Title: Protecting the children of Indian Country: A call to expand tribal court jurisdiction and devote more funding to Indian child safety.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 27 Cardozo J. Equal Rts. & Soc. Just. 225 (2021)

Title: Commandeering the Indian Child Welfare Act: Native American rights exception to Tenth Amendment challenges.
Author: Shaw, Jessie
Source: 42 Cardozo L. Rev. 2007 (2021)

Title: The subdelegation doctrine as a legal tool for establishing tribal comanagement of public lands: Through the lens of Bears Ears National Monument.
Author: Franz, Daniel
Source: 32 Colo. Nat. Resources, Energy & Envtl L. Rev. 1 (2021)

Title: What's mine is yours: An analysis of the federal laws used to compensate the Navajo Nation and remediate abandoned uranium mines and mills on the reservation.
Author: Phillips, Cody
Source: 32 Colo. Nat. Resources, Energy & Envtl L. Rev. 75 (2021)

Title: The time trap: Addressing the stereotypes that undermine tribal sovereignty.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 53 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 189 (2021)

Title: Unenforced promises: Treaty rights as a mechanism to address the impact of energy projects near tribal lands.
Author: Merlin, Alyson
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 373 (2021)

Title: Abolition, settler colonialism, and the persistent threat of Indian child welfare.
Author: Beardall, Theresa Rocha; Edwards, Frank
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 533 (2021)

Title: Twentieth century Black and Native activism against the child taking system: Lessons for the present.
Author: Briggs, Laura
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 611 (2021)

Title: Using peacemaking circles to Indigenize tribal child welfare.
Author: van Schilfgaarde, Lauren; Shelton, Brett Lee
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 681 (2021)

Title: Assimilation, removal, discipline, and confinement: Native girls and government intervention.
Author: Rolnick, Addie C.
Source: 11 Colum. J. Race & L. 811 (2021)

Title: Toward tribal sovereignty: Environmental regulation in Oklahoma after McGirt.
Author: Chen, Kimberly
Source: 121 Colum. L. Rev. F. 95 (2021)



Title: Help for missing American Indian and Alaska Native children.
Author: Clark, John F.
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 5 (2021)

Title: AMBER Alert in Indian Country.
Author: Walters, Jim; Blasing, Melissa
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 21 (2021)

Title: The Tribal Engagement Program (TEP) builds bridges for tribal partners.
Author: Naternicola, Kristi
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 35 (2021)

Title: Missing or murdered Indigenous people: Culturally based prevention strategies.
Author: Gordon, Heather Sauyaq Jean; Roberts, Travis W.M.
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 47 (2021)

Title: Jurisdictional solutions in Indian Country to support missing or murdered Indigenous people efforts.
Author: Denke, Bill; Lee, Bruce; Lysakowski, Matthew; O'Neal, Jason
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 71 (2021)

Title: National survey estimates of violence against American Indian and Alaska Native people.
Author: Rosay, Andre B.
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 91 (2021)

Title: Addressing the crisis of missing or murdered Indigenous persons: A path forward utilizing a structured cold case investigation protocol.
Author: Adcock, Jim
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 103 (2021)

Title: Addressing sexual abuse, assault, and trafficking as co-morbidities in missing or murdered Indigenous populations.
Author: Pierce-Weeks, Jennifer
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 129 (2021)

Title: Enhancing law enforcement response to missing person cases in tribal communities.
Author: Weyand, Ernst H.; McPherson, Lori
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed L. & Prac. 137 (2021)

Title: Prevention strategies related to missing or murdered Native Americans.
Author: Darling, Elizabeth
Source: 69-JAN DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 159 (2021)

Title: Working together: Building and sustaining a multijurisdictional response to missing or murdered Indigenous children and adolescents.
Author: Connell, Catherine S; Hagen, Leslie A.; Knapp, Stephanie
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 5 (2021)

Title: Victim services for Native families with missing loved ones.
Author: Stewart, Michele L.; Mow, Tiffany; Vandever, Sharon, et al.
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 27 (2021)

Title: Criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country.
Author: Leonhard, M. Brent
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 45 (2021)

Title: Violent crime in Indian Country and the federal response.
Author: Hagen, Leslie A.
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 79 (2021)

Title: American Indian and Alaska Native knowledge and public health for the primary prevention of missing or murdered Indigenous persons.
Author: Satter, Delight E.; Mercer Kollar, Laura M., et al.
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 149 (2021)

Title: Sex offender registration in Indian Country : SORNA implementation and 8 U.S.C. § 2250.
Author: McPherson, Lori
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 209 (2021)

Title: Trauma-informed, culturally relevant psychological responses in cases of missing or murdered Indigenous peoples.
Author: Tehee, Melissa; Ross, Royleen J.; McCloskey, Charlotte; GreyWolf, Iva
Source: 69-MAR DOJ J. Fed. L. & Prac. 251 (2021)

Title: Tribal lending after Gingras.
Author: King, Max
Source: 19 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 122 (2021)



Title: An "unfulfilled, hollow promise": Lyng, Navajo Nation, and the substantial burden on Native American religious practice.
Author: Williams, Joel West; DeLisle, Emily
Source: 48 Ecology L.Q. 809 (2021)



Title: Without doors: Native nations and the Convention.
Author: Bilder, Mary Sarah
Source: 89 Fordham L. Rev. 1707 (2021)

Title: "The rule of the strong, not the rule of law": Reexamining implicit divestiture after McGirt v. Oklahoma.
Author: Palandrani, Joseph
Source: 89 Fordham L. Rev. 2375 (2021)

Title: Tribes, vaccines, and COVID-19: A look at tribal responses to the pandemic.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 49 Fordham Urb. L.J. 31 (2021)



Title: Has federal Indian law finally arrived at "the far end of the trail of tears"?
Author: Tweedy, Ann
Source: 37 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 739 (2021)

Title: The reasonable Indigenous youth standard.
Author: Tapu, Ian F.
Source: 56 Gonz. L. Rev. 529 (2021)



Title: Ending the interminable gap in Indian Country water quality protection.
Author: Grijalva, James M.
Source: 45 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 1 (2021)

Title: Indian Country post-McGirt: Implications for traditional energy development and beyond.
Author: Kronk Warner, Elizabeth; Tanana, Heather
Source: 45 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 249 (2021)

Title: Tribal power, worker power: Organizing unions in the context of Native sovereignty.
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 1162 (2021)

Title: Rethinking protections for Indigenous sacred sites.
Author: Steele, Michalyn; Barclay, Stephanie Hall
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 1294 (2021)

Title: Oneida Nation v. Village of Hobart: Seventh Circuit hold that Oneida Nation remains intact.
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 1583 (2021)

Title: Williams v. Medley Opportunity Fund II, LP: Third Circuit rules that tribal payday lenders cannot compel arbitration.
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. 2582 (2021)

Title: The (Indigenous) case for shareholder primacy and its role in climate justice.
Author: Fredericks, Carla
Source: 134 Harv. L. Rev. F. 340 (2021)

Title: United States v. Cooley.
Source: 135 Harv. L. Rev. 411 (2021)

Title: American imperialism in Hawai'i: How the United States illegally usurped a sovereign nation and got away with it.
Author: Nasser, Noelani
Source: 48 Hastings Const. L.Q. 319 (2021)

Title: Tribally defined citizenship criteria: Countering whiteness as property interpretations of "Indian" for restoring inherent sovereignty.
Author: Bable, Lori
Source: 18 Hastings Race & Property L.J. 29 (2021)





Title: Native Hawaiians' disproportional incarceration rates leading to disproportional jail deaths.
Author: Taschner, John
Source: 21 J.L. Society 93 (2021)



Title: Indiana's Indian laws: Indigenous erasure and racism in the land of the Indians.
Author: Hoss, Aila
Source: 30-SPG Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 184 (2021)

Title: Incorporation by any other name? Comparing Congress' federalization of tribal court criminal procedure with the Supreme Court's regulation of state courts.
Author: Gross, Jordan
Source: 109 Ky. L.J. 299 (2021)



Title: The execution of Lezmond Mitchell: An analysis of federal Indian law, criminal jurisdiction, and the death penalty as applied to Native Americans.
Author: Kirchner, Mary Margaret
Source: 25 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 649 (2021)

Title: Trust betrayed: The reluctance to recognize judicially enforceable trust obligations under the Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA).
Author: Schneider, Lauren E.
Source: 52 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 1099 (2021)



Title: Legal barriers to tribal jurisdiction over violence against women in Maine: Developments and paths forward.
Author: Ciffolillo, Nina
Source: 73 Me. L. Rev. 351 (2021)

Title: Predicting Supreme Court behavior in Indian law cases.
Author: Christensen, Grant
Source: 26 Mich. J. Race & L. 65 (2021)

Title: Jurisprudence and recommendations for tribal court authority due to imposition of U.S. limitations.
Author: Eagle Woman, Angelique
Source: 47 Mitchell Hamline L. Rev. 342 (2021)

Title: Permanent homelands through treaties with the United States: Restoring faith in the tribal nation-U.S. relationship in light of the McGirt decision.
Author: EagleWoman, Angelique
Source: 47 Mitchell Hamline L. Rev. 640 (2021)

Title: Race to jurisdiction: Forum determination in DV-related child custody actions when survivors flee across reservation lines.
Author: Barber, Joy
Source: 82 Mont. L. Rev. 259 (2021)

Title: Anishinaabe-inaakonigewin: Principles for the intergenerational preservation of mino-bimaadiziwin.
Author: Stark, Kekek Jason
Source: 82 Mont. L. Rev. 293 (2021)



Title: A familiar crossroads: McGirt v. Oklahoma and the future of federal Indian law canon.
Author: Hedden-Nicely, Dylan R.; Leeds, Stacy L.
Source: 51 N.M. L. Rev. 300 (2021)

Title: A great nation keeping its word: The role of tribal treaty rights in climate change litigation.
Author: Gravotta, Noelia
Source: 29 N.Y.U. Envtl. L.J. 118 (2021)

Title: Lies, damn lies, and federal Indian law: The ethics of citing racist precedent in contemporary federal Indian law.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 44 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 529 (2021)

Title: Man camps and bad men: Litigating violence against American Indian women.
Author: Condes, Ana
Source: 116 Nw. U. L. Rev. 515 (2021)



Title: An Oklahoma tribal employer's guide to conducting business in the Tenth Circuit.
Author: Moyer, Chloe
Source: 45 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 215 (2021)



Title: Tying a tribal officer's hands: Tribal law enforcement authority under United States v. Cooley.
Author: Koski, Mikaela
Source: 126 Penn St. L. Rev. 275 (2021)

Title: Environmental federalism in Indian Country: Sovereignty, primacy, and environmental protection.
Author: Haider, Mellie; Teodoro, Manuel P.
Source: 49 Pol'y Stud. J. 887 (2021)

Title: Bridges to a new era: A report on the past, present, and potential future of tribal co-management on federal public lands.
Author: Mills, Monte; Nie, Martin
Source: 44 Pub. Land & Resources L. Rev. 49 (2021)



Title: The Oglala Lakota and the right to health: The forgotten Americans.
Author: Ginsbach, Katherine Farrell
Source: 24 Quinnipiac Health L.J. 237 (2021)





Title: Tribal pardons: A comparative survey.
Author: Novak, Andrew
Source: Available on SSRN.

Title: The other American law.
Author: Reese, Elizabeth
Source: 73 Stan. L. Rev. 555 (2021)

Title: Native treaties and conditional rights after Herrera.
Author: Cole, Katherine
Source: 73 Stan. L. Rev. 1047 (2021)

Title: Bison, tribes, and brucellosis in the interagency bison management plan.
Author: Nickoloff, Bailey
Source: 22 Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol'y 18 (2021)



Title: Back and forth: The continuous legal battle over the oil flow in Dakota Access Pipeline.
Author: Wingard, Lee
Source: 34 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 234 (2021)

Title: Scattered to the winds?: Strengthening the National Historic Preservation Act's tribal consultation mandate to protect Native American sacred sites in the renewable energy development era.
Author: Husk, Sarah
Source: 34 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 273 (2021)

Title: The past may be prologue, but it does not dictate our future: This is the Muscogee (Creek) Nation's table.
Author: Chaudhuri, Jonodev
Source: 56 Tulsa L. Rev. 369 (2021)

Title: The sky will not fall in Oklahoma.
Author: Summers, Clint
Source: 56 Tulsa L. Rev. 471 (2021)

Title: A coherent ethic of lawyering in post-McGirt Oklahoma.
Author: Combs, Julie
Source: 56 Tulsa L. Rev. 501 (2021)



Title: Yazzie et al. v. Hobbs: The 2020 election and voting by mail on- and off-reservation in Arizona.
Author: Schroedel, Jean Reith; Mazareas, Kara, et al.,
Source: 44 U. Ark. Little Rock L. Rev. 193 (2021)

Title: Fracking in Pueblo and Diné communities.
Author: Meyer, Melodie
Source: 39 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 89 (2021)

Title: The missing Indian Affairs Clause.
Author: Toler, Lorianne Updike
Source: 88 U. Chi. L. Rev. 413 (2021)

Title: The validity of tribal checkpoints in South Dakota to curb the spread of COVID-19.
Author: Tweedy, Ann
Source: 2021 U. Chi. Legal F. 233 (2021)

Title: White tape and Indian wards: Removing the federal bureaucracy to empower tribal economies and self-government.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 54 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 563 (2021)

Title: How federal Indian law prevents business development in Indian Country.
Author: Crepelle, Adam
Source: 23 U. Pa. J. Bus. L. 683 (2021)

Title: Indigenous perspectives on corporate governance.
Author: Christensen, Grant
Source: 23 U. Pa. J. Bus. L. 902 (2021)

Title: Hawai'i '78: Collective memory and the untold legal history of the reparative action for Kānaka Maoli.
Author: Andrade, Troy H.J.
Source: 24 U. Pa. J. L. & Soc. Change 85 (2021)

Title: Indigenizing Grand Canyon.
Author: Robison, Jason Anthony
Source: 2021 Utah L. Rev. 101 (2021)





Title: Kū Kia'l Mauna: Protecting Indigenous religious rights.
Author: Rosenberg, Joshua
Source: 96 Wash. L. Rev. 277 (2021)

Title: Let Indians decide: How restricting border passage by blood quantum infringes on tribal sovereignty.
Author: Ross, Rebekah
Source: 96 Wash. L. Rev. 311 (2021)

Title: Equity over equality: Equal protection and the Indian Child Welfare Act.
Author: Dempsey, Lucy
Source: 77 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. Online 411 (2021)

Title: A national truth commission for Native Americans.
Author: Ochs, Sara L.
Source: 36 Wis. J.L. Gender & Soc'y 1 (2021)

Title: When justice does not work: A solution focused approach to violence against Native women in Indian Country.
Author: Tehee, Melissa; Killgore, Racheal; Mack, Sallie; Isaacs, Devon; Ficklin, Erica
Source: 36 Wis. J.L. Gender & Soc'y 33 (2021)





Title: Domestic violence, the Indian Child Welfare Act, and Alaska Natives: How domestic violence is weaponized against Alaska Native survivors.
Author: Bouadi, Sumaya
Source: 33 Yale J.L. & Feminism 169 (2021)




Articles are arranged alphabetically by title of law review or bar journal.

A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |  J  |  K  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  W  |  X  |  Y  |  Z

Visit the Archives for the Indian Law Bulletins to see articles from previous years.

Indian Law Bulletins are a current awareness service of the National Indian Law Library. The purpose of the Indian Law Bulletins is to provide succinct and timely information about new developments in Indian Law. See the About page for more information.

Search the Law Review and Bar Journal Indian Law Bulletins:

Basic Search Help
Operators and More Search Help

A note about links used in this document

Blue links on this page go to information available for free on the Internet. Green links go to information available on Westlaw which require a Westlaw account. The library is not affiliated with Thomson Reuters or Westlaw.