Peacemaking Tribal Codes and Models

Below are some examples of tribal peacemaking codes. These and other codes are available through the Tribal Law Gateway at the National Indian Law Library.

 

Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
Title 7. Peacemaker
of the Tribal Code
Provides authorization and civil process authority, procedures (including authority to use traditional Northern Arapaho culture), referral standards, authority of Tribal Court to limit, and standards of conduct.

Chickasaw Nation
Title 5: Courts and Procedures: Chapter 14 Peacemaking Court
of the Chickasaw Code
Provides authorization, referral standards, procedures, authority for District Court to limit, standards of conduct, and use of tribal traditions and customary law.

Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
Title IA. Peacemaker Court
of the Chitimacha Codes of Justice
Provides authorization, referral procedures, civil process authority, standards of conduct, and authority of Tribal Court to limit.

Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians
Chapter 1-14. Peacegiving Court of the Tribal Code

Provides authorization, qualifications, standards of conduct, and referrals.

See also the peacegiving court's flyer and a related news article.

Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
Tribal Court Ordinance: (l) Peacemaker Program
of the Tribal Ordinances
Provides authorization and qualifications.

Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon
Community Law Court
of the Tribal Ordinances
Provides authorization and civil process authority, referral standards and standards of conduct, and authority to use traditional ways and lecture on tribal teachings.

Coquille Indian Tribe
Chapter 655 - Peacegiving
of the Peace Giving Court
Provides authorization, qualifications, referral standards, and authority to use traditional tribal practices.

Hopland Band of Pomo Indians
Ordinance no. 07-12-10 establishing a tribal court: Section 1.100 Peace Making Panel
(not available online)
Provides authorization, procedures, qualifications, and authority to lead community-related peace activities.

Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation
Chapter 2 - Criminal Procedures
and Chapter 3 - Civil Actions of the Kalispel Law and Order Code

Karuk Tribe
Tribal court ordinance: 11.0 Peace maker dispute resolution panel
(not available online)
Provides authorization and procedures.

Klamath Tribes
Peacemaker Ordinance of the Tribal Code

Provides authorization, qualifications, procedures, juvenile matters, and philosophical background.

Leech Lake Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
Title 2. Rules of Procedure: Part VIII. Other Matters: Rule 58. Peacemaker Tribunal
of the Judicial Code. (At tribe website, see Administration tab >> Tribal Court >> Court Codes. )
Provides authorization: Bamenim Anishinaabeg Program (at tribe website, see Administration tab >> BaMeNim Anishinaabeg under Tribal Court)

Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
Peacemaking Guidelines
within the Peacemaking and Probation Department
Provides authorization, philosophical background, referral standards (including option for traditional request), procedure, qualifications, standards of conduct, and forms.

Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan
Chapter 3. Rules of Civil Procedure RULE XXIX. MNODAAWIN
of the Tribal Court Rules
Provides authorization.

Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation
Chapter 5.12 Ch’qi’n’txw an Offender’s Record of Conviction (Expungement) (see pg. 49) of the Lummi Tribal Code
Full procedures and standards for applying traditional notion related to clearing record of offender upon satisfactory completion of penalty under cultural standards. Innovative sentencing-related provisions.?

Mashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe
Title 1, Judiciary: Chapter 4, Peacemaker's Council
of the Tribal Laws
Provides authorization, referral standards, qualifications, and procedures.

Mashpee Wampanoag
Chapter 3: Operation of Peacemaker Court
from the Peacemakers Court
Provides authorization, guiding principles, qualifications, and procedures.

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
Title XXIV - Choctaw Peacemaker Code
from the Tribal Code
Provides authorization, authority to use tribal traditions and customary law, qualifications, civil process authority, procedures, and authority of Tribal Court to limit.

Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
Title 7. Courts and Procedure: Chapter 3. Judicial Branch: Subchapter 10. Navajo Nation Peacemaking Program (Hózhóójí Naat'áanii)
(available through Westlaw)
Provides authorization and authority to develop standards and conform procedures to traditional Hózhóójí Naat'áanii concepts.

The Navajo Nation Peacemaking Program website includes program information, forms, and the program's Plan of Operations.

Northern Arapaho Nation
see Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming (above)

Oneida Nation of New York
Peacemaking Rules
of the Tribal Code
Provides authorization, referral procedures, civil process authority, standards of conduct, and authority to use Nation religious and traditional ways.

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
Peacemaker's Manual
from the Peacemaking and Mediation Program
Provides procedures, qualifications, philosophical background, and history of use.

Organized Village of Kake
Keex’ Kwaan Judicial Peacemaking Code
of the Tribal Court
Provides authorization and place in the clan system, referral standards, procedures, juvenile matters, and a Peacemaker Appellate Court.

Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation
Constitution: Article VI - Dispute Resolution System
Title 2 - Courts: Chapter 2-5. Peacemakers
of the Law and Order Code
Provides authorization and procedures.

St. Regis Mohawk Tribe
Tribal Court and Judiciary Code
of the Tribal Code
Provides authorization.

Skokomish Indian Tribe
Skokomish Criminal Code: Sentencing, sentencing guidelines, and bail schedule: 9.11.030 Traditional Peacekeeping
of the Skokomish Codes and Ordinances
Provides authorization.

Snoqualmie Indian Tribe
Title 3. Snoqualmie Judicial Code: Chapter 1. Snoqualmie Judiciary Act
of the Tribal Code
Provides authorization.

Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota
Title 21. Wodakota: Traditional Court
from the Traditional Court
Wodakota: Traditional Court Flowchart

Provides authorization, philosophy, values, and tribal prayer, standards of conduct, authority to use traditional ways and instruct on tribal teachings, referral standards, and procedures.

Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin
Peacemaker Ordinance
of the Stockbridge Ordinances
Provides authorization and guiding principles, qualifications, procedures, authority of Tribal Court to limit, referral standards, and standards of conduct, authority to use traditional ways and instruct on tribal teachings.

White Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Judicial Code of Conduct
of the Legal Codes
Defines and establishes responsibility that judges in tribal court shall promote Ojibwe Justice. The Seven Grandfather Teachings in the code sum up tribal peacemaking, and each is indexed to the canons, thereby pointing the way to incorporating tribal peace-centered values throughout.

 

YOUTH/FAMILY:

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation
Title 5 Domestic Relations: 5-2 Juveniles: 5-2-192 Peacemaking Circle
of the Tribal Code
Provides authorization, limitation on the use of evidence, and disposition.

Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan
Title 10. Children, Families and Elders: Chapter 4. Juvenile Code Revisited § 415. Diversion
of the Tribal Code
Provides authorization and referral standards.

Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
Chapter 900 - Family: Title 2 - Juvenile Code: Section 8. Peacemaking
from the Tribal Ordinances
Provides authorization, philosophical background, and referral standards.

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
Chapter 72. Divorce, Annulment, Legal Separation: 72.6. Peacemaking and Mediation
Chapter 79: Child Custody, Placement and Visitation: 79.7. Peacemaking and Mediation

of the Oneida Laws and Policies
Provides authorization and referral standards.

Pit River Tribe, California
Family/Children's Code: Youth Reclamation Program - The Peacemaker Program

Provides authorization, qualifications, and procedures (including authority to use tribally based methods).

White Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Juvenile Justice Code: Chapter 12A Peacemaking Circle
of the Legal Codes
Provides referral standards and procedures.