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This guide by the Department of the Interior provides a general overview of questions related to genealogical research and tribal enrollment. It will answer basic questions you may have on these topics.

Guide to Tracing Your American Indian Ancestry
from http://www.doi.gov/bia/docs/TracingIndianAncestry508Compliant.pdf

Tribal Requirements

Indian tribes are sovereign and set their own rules regarding tribal enrollment and membership. In order to find out what requirements your tribe has, contact the tribe's main office or tribal enrollment office. Tribal office contact information can be found at the "Directories" section of this web site (http://www.narf.org/nill/triballaw/directories.htm).

In addition, enrollment or membership requirements often can be found in tribal constitutions or tribal codes. The National Indian Law Library catalog has a large collection of tribal codes and constitutions (http://www.narf.org/nill/catalog/catalog.htm). Please contact us for more information.

Note: In the library catalog's search screen, you can search for codes and constitutions by typing part of the tribe's name in the "Title or Title Words" field, or "Indian Tribe" field, and typing "Tribal Codes" or "Tribal Constitutions" in the "Document Type" field.

Since most tribes have blood quantum and/or lineage requirements, you may need to trace your Indian roots by doing some genealogy research.

Additional Resources

Enrollment in a Federally Recognized Tribe
http://www.doi.gov/tribes/enrollment.cfm

This web page from the U.S. Department of the Interior web site provides a brief description of the tribal enrollment process. See the department's main "Indian Ancestry" web page at http://www.doi.gov/tribes/esablishancestr.cfm.

Understanding the History of Tribal Enrollment
http://www.airpi.org/pubs/enroll.html

This web site provides an article by the American Indian Policy Center and Nora Livesay on the history of tribal enrollment. Other resources on tribal enrollment are at http://www.airpi.org/pubs/index.html.

Enrollment Procedures and Recourse
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/enroll.html

This article, one of several publications provided by Oklahoma Indian Legal Services (http://madison.law.ou.edu/OILS/), was written by Gregg L. Lewis, University of Oklahoma, Native American Studies student.

What is the Certificate of Degree of Indian or Alaska Native Blood?
http://www.cherokee.org/Services/144/Page/default.aspx

This web page is a Q & A by the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. For more information about this card, contact the tribe you are affiliated with or the Bureau of Indian Affairs (http://www.doi.gov/bia/).

BIA Instructions to the Certificate of Degree of Indian or Alaska Native Blood
http://www.bia.gov/cs/groups/public/documents/text/idc002653.pdf

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