Native American Business and Economic Development Law Resources

Prepared by David Selden, National Indian Law Library and April Schwartz, University of Minnesota Law Library

Updated November 2001.


American Indians: U.S Indian Policy, Tribes and Reservations, BIA: Past and Present Economic Development. Washington D.C.: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Dept. of Interior, 1984.

Arizona Tribal-State Resource Directory. Phoenix: Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs, 2003.

Gaming Tax Law for Indian Tribal Governments. Washington D.C: Dept. of Treasury, International Revenue Service, 2003.

Indians, Indian Gaming, and State Governments. St, Paul, MN: Research Dept. Minnesota House of Representatives, 2003.

The National Center: Directory of American Indian-Owned Businesses, 2003 Marketing and Procurement Services. Mesa: National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development, 2003.

Alexander, Robert M. Rolling the Dice with State Initiatives: Interest Group Involvement in Ballot Campaigns. Westport Conn: Praeger, 2002. 0275974960

American Indian Resources Institute. Selected Readings on Reservation Economies. Oakland, CA: American Indian Resources Institute, 1991.

American Indian Lawyer Training Program. Tribal Water Management Handbook. Oakland, CA: American Indian Lawyer Training Program Inc., 1988. 0939890089

Anderson, Jeffery. The Four Hills of Life: Northern Arapaho Knowledge and Life Movement. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001. 0803210574

Anderson, Robert D. Tax and Financing Incentives for Developing a Private Sector on American Indian Trust Lands: a Tribal Perspective. Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Dept. Of Commerce, Small Business Division, Tribal Government Assistance Program, 1989. b006ethh2

Anderson, Terry. Property Rights and Indian Economies. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1992. 0847677087

Anderson, Terry. Sovereign Nations or Reservations? : an Economic History of American Indians. San Francisco, CA : Pacific research institute for public policy; Landham, MD : Distributed to the trade by national book network, 1995. 0936488816

Barrington, Linda. The Other Side of the Frontier : Economic Explorations into Native American History. Boulder, Colorado : Westview Press, 1999. 0813333962

Centre for Applied research. Arizona Dept. of Commerce. The Economic and Fiscal Impact of American Indian Reservations in Arizona. Denver, Colorado : The Center, 1994.

Center for Economic Development Research and Assistance, New Mexico State University. Directory of Grant Support and Technical Assistance for Native Americans. Albuquerque, NM: New Mexico State University, 1992. 1884324002

Chingwa, Michelle and Haskins, Bette. Approaching American Indian Economic Development for the Seventh Generation. Eagle Butte, S.D: Cheyenne River Community College, 1990.

Cornell, Stephen. What Can Tribes Do? Strategies and Institutions in American Indian Economic Development. Los Angeles, CA: American Indians Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles, 1992. 0935626379

Dais, Mary B. et. al. Native Americans in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1994.

Darian-Smith, Eve, Title New Capitalists : Law, Politics, and Identity Surrounding Casino Gaming on Native American Land . Australia ; Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2004.

Dombrowski, Kirk. Against Culture: Development, Politics, and Religion in Indian Alaska. Lincoln : Univ. Nebraska Press, 2001. 0803217196

Eadington, William. Indian Gaming and the Law. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 1990. 0942828429

Fagnoni, Cynthia M. Welfare Reform: Tribes are Using TANF Flexibility to Establish Their Own Programs. Washington, D.C : 2002.

Guyette, Susan. Planning for Balanced Development : a Guide for Native American and Rural Communities. Sante Fe, N. M. : Clear Light Publishers, 1996. 0940666642

Hosmer, Brian C. American Indians in the Market Place: Persistence and Innovation Among the Menominees and Metakatlans, 1870-1920. Lawrence, University Press of Kansas,1999.

Hosmer, Brian C. and O'Neill. Colleen M. Native Pathways: American Indian Culture and Economic Development in the 21st Century. Boulder, Co.: University Press of Colorado, 2004.

Hough, Henty W. Development of Indian Resources. Denver, Co.: World Press Inc., 196 B0007DPJTC7.

Hsu, Cathy. Legalized Casino Gaming in the United States: The Economic and Social Impact. Haworth Press. 0789006402

James, Keith. Science and Native American Communities: Legacies of Pain, Visions of Promise. Lincoln : Univ. Nebraska Press, 2001. 0803225954

Johansen, Bruce. The Encyclopedia of Native American Economic History. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1999. 0313306230

Kemper Securities. An Introduction to Tax-exempt Financing for Indian Tribes: an Information Handbook for Indian Tribes. Portland, Or.: Kemper Securities, 1995.

Legters, Lyman Howard and Lyden, Fremont J. eds. American Indian Policy: Self-governance and Economic Development. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994. 0313289921

Mason, Walter Dale. Indian Gaming : Tribal Sovereignty and American Politics. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press 2000. 0806132604

Mawhiney, Anne-Marie. Rebirth : Political, Economic, and Social Development in First Nations. Toronto; Niagara Falls, N.Y. : Dundurn Press, 1993. 155002194x

Mehta, Basant & Prakash. Perspectives of Tribal Economy. New Delhi : Intellectual Pub. House : Sole distributers, Intellectual Book Corner, 1997.

Moore, John H. The Political Economy of North America Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. 0806125055

Mullis, Angela. Indian Gaming: Who Wins? Las Angeles: UCLA American Indian Studies Center, 2000. 0935626530

National Indian Justice Center. Contract and Tort Cases in Indian Gaming. Petaluma, CA: National Indian Justice Center, 1996.

National Indian Policy Center. Applicability of Federal Tax Incentives to American Indian Reservations. Omaha, NE: Red Willow Institute, 1991.

Norquist, Joan. Native Americans : Social, Economic, and Political Aspects : a Bibliography. Santa Cruz, CA : Reference and Research Services, 1998. 0937855987

Oklahoma. Corporate site location division. Tribal Government Assistance Program (Oklahoma). Tax & Financing Incentives for Developing a Private Sector on American Indian Trust Lands : 1993 Tribal Perspective. Oklahoma City, OK. : Oklahoma Dept. of Commerce, Corporate Site Location Division 1993.

Pickering, Kathleen Ann. Lakota Culture, World Economy. Lincoln : Univ. Nebraska Press, 2000. 0803287798

Reiter, Robert Alan. Indian Finance Law: Alternative Mechanisms and Strategies for Financing Reserve Public and Private Ventures. Edmonton: First Nations Resource Council, 1991.

Remerowski, Anita. Bibliography on Indian Economic development: Aids for the Development of Essential Legal Tools for the Protection and Regulation of Commercial Activities on Indian Reservations. Boulder: Native American Rights Fund, 1982.

Robinson, Steve. Starting Your Own Successful Indian Business. Arlington, VA: Thornsbury, Bailey & Brown, 1991. 0945253087

Rosier, Paul C. Native American Issues. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003. 0313320020

Smith, Dean H. Modern Tribal Development : Paths to Self-Sufficiency and Cultural Integrity in Indian Country. Walnut Creek, CA : AltaMira Press, 2000. 0742504107

Snyder, Fred. Native American Directory: Alaska, Canada, United States. National Native American Cooperative, 1996. 0961033436

Suagee, Dean B. The Application of the National Environmental Policy Act to "Development" on Indian lands. Washington, DC: Hobbs, Straus, Dean & Wilder, 1990.

Tiller, Veronica. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. Washington D.C. : Economic development administration, U.S. Dept. of commerce, 1996. B00010RFWK

Tiller, Veronica. Tiller's Guide to Indian Country: Economic Profiles of American Indian Reservations. Albuquerque, N.M: BowArrow Publishing Company, 1996. 1885931018

Trentadue, Jesse C. The Roles of Indian Tribal Courts in the Collection of Business Debts: Tool or Bane of Local Business? Grand Forks, ND: Bureau of Business and Economic Research, University of North Dakota, 1985. B0006EKKOQ

Tripathy, S. N. Glimpses on Tribal Development. New Delhi : Discovery Pub. House, 2000. 8171415458

University of Montana, Indian Law Clinic. Model Tribal Code: Secured Transactions. Missoula, MT: University of Montana, 199? (See also

Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2003. 0962807532

Valley, David J. Jackpot Trail: Indian Gaming in Southern California. San Diego, Ca.: Sunbelt Publications, 2003. 0932653588

Westcoast development group & Centre for community enterprise. Take Charge! : How to Make Economic Development Work for Your Band. Vancouver, B.C. : Westcoast development group, 1992. 0921424027


Brashler, Janet G. et. al. "Adaptive Strategies and Socioeconomic Systems in Northern Great Lakes Riverine Environments: The Late Woodland of Michigan" in Late Woodland Societies: Tradition and Transformation Across the Midcontinent. Lincoln : Univ. Nebraska Press, 2000. 0803218214

Clinton, Robert N, Newton, Nell Jessup, and Price, Monroe E. "Economic Development of Indian Lands: Control of Resources and Cultural Destiny." in American Indian Law: Cases and Materials. Charlottesville, VA: Michie Company, 3rd ed., 1991. (1996 supplement) 0820544795

Cornell, Stephen and Kalt, Joseph P. "Cultural Diversity and Constitutional Public Choice: Institutional Diversity and Economic Performance on American Indian Reservations." in Uncertainty and Economic Evolution: Essays in Honor of Armen A. Alchian, ed. John R. Lott, Jr. London: Routlege, 1997.

Getches, David H, Wilkinson, Charles F., and Williams, Robert A. Jr. "Reservation Economic Development." in Cases and Materials on Federal Indian Law. St. Paul, MN: West Group, 3rd ed., 1998.

James, Keith. " Fire Needs Fuel: Merging Science Education With American Indians Community Needs." in Science and Native American Communities: Legacies of Pain, Visions of Promise. Lincoln : Univ. Nebraska Press, 2001. 080327615X

LaDuke, Winona." Indian Business Enterprises." in The Winona LaDuke Reader: A Collection of Essential Writings. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press, 2002.

Murphy, Maureen M. " Federal Indian Law." in Native Americans: Current Issues. Hauppauge N.Y: Nova Science Publishers Inc., 2002. 1590333977

Murphy, Maureen M. " Indian Gaming Regulatory Act: Judicial and Administrative Interpretations." in Native Americans: Current Issues. Hauppauge N.Y: Nova Science Publishers Inc., 2002. 1590333977

Peters, Kurt. "Continuing Identity: Pueblo Railroaders in Richmond California." in American Indians and the Urban Experience. Walnut Creek California, Alta Mira Press, 2001. 0742502759

Pommersheim, Frank. "Economic Development in Indian Country." in Braid of Feathers: American Indian Law and Contemporary Tribal Life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995. 0520208943

Porter-Locklear, Freda. " Water and Water Quality Issues in and for Indian Communities." in Science and Native American Communities: Legacies of Pain, Visions of Promise. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001. 080327615X

West, Katherine M. 'For the Public Good: Native Americans Hydroelectric dams, and the Iron Triangle." in Trusteeship in Change: Toward Tribal Autonomy in Resource Management. Boulder Co: University Press of Colorado, 2001. 0870816500


American Indian National Bank. Enterprise and Resource Development Seminar. Washington, DC: American Indian National Bank, 1983.

Cornell, Stephen, and Kalt, Joseph P. Pathways From Poverty: Economic Development and Institution Building on American Indian Reservations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, 1989.

Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Lending in Indian Country: Cultural, Legal and Business Issues - A Special Supplement of Community Reinvestment. Kansas City, MO: Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 1994.

McLaughlin, Robert. Concept Paper: Establishing a Primary Mortgage Market in Indian Country. Washington, DC: National Indian Policy Center, 1993.

McLaughlin, Robert. Developing Financial Structure in Indian Country. Washington, DC: National Indian Policy Center, 1994.

Mimmack, Kenneth W. "Strategies for Tribal Economic Development: Preparing for the Next IGRA Effect." 24th Annual Federal Bar Association Indian Law Conference, April 8-9, 1999, Albuquerque, NM. Washington, DC: Federal Bar Association, 1999.

National Indian Policy Center. Indian Reservation Tax Credits: Effects on Economics of Selected Projects. Washington, DC: National Indian Policy Center, 1993

National Conference of State Legislatures. States and Tribes: Building New Traditions. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures, 1995.

Native American Rights Fund. Doing Business: An Evaluation of Policy Alternatives to Encourage Private Enterprise on Indian Reservations. Boulder, CO: Native American Rights Fund, 1990.

Native American Rights Fund. Economic Self-Sufficiency Plan (Klamath Tribe). Boulder, CO: Native American Rights Fund, 1999.

Native American Rights Fund. Indian Economic Development Conference. Boulder, CO: Native American Rights Fund, 1989.

Navajo Nation. Navajo Nation Business and Economic Development Laws: a Compilation. Window Rock, AZ: Navajo Nation, 1997.

Pulling, Brian K. "Commercial Issues in Indian Country: Protecting Banking Interests in Indian Country." 24th Annual Federal Bar Association Indian Law Conference, April 8-9, 1999. Washington, DC: Federal Bar Association, 1999.

Robinson, Robert. The Economic Impact of Indian Reservation-based Gaming Activities. Washington, DC: National Indian Policy Center, 1993

Sheane, Kim et al. STARTED: State-Tribal Approaches Regarding Taxation and Economic Development. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Legislative Council, 1995.

State Bar of Arizona, Indian Law Section. State and Tribal Taxation on Indian Reservations. Mesa, AZ: State Bar of Arizona, 1993.

Stringer, William L. Investment and Employment Tax Credits for American Indian Reservations: an Analysis of Benefits and Costs. Washington, DC: National Indian Policy Center, 1993

Stringer, William L. and Blackwell, Charles W. The Economic Impact of Tribal Tax and Expenditure Programs in the State Oklahoma. Washington, DC: National Indian Policy Center, 1993



United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Native American Business Development, Trade Promotion, and Tourism Development Act : Hearing Before the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session... October 1, 1988, Washington, DC G.P.O. : 1999

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Economic Development in Indian Reservations : Hearing Before the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, second session ... September 17, 1996, Washington, DC G.P.O. : 1996

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Native American Affairs. Indian Economic Development : Oversight Hearing before the Subcommittee on Native American Affairs of the Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session ...Washington D.C. G.P.O. : 1993

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Small Business. Small Business Development in Indian Country : hearing before the Committee on Small Business, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, first session ... Friday, September 3, 1993 Washington D.C., G.P.O. : 1994

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Indian Affairs. Business Opportunities Enhancement Act (draft legislation to amend the Buy Indian Act) : hearing before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, second session, on to increase employment and business opportunities for Indians, July 2, 1992, Washington, DC, G.P.O. :1992

United States. Select Committee on Indian Affairs, Senate. Indian Business Opportunities Enhancement Act: report to accompany S. 3118. 102nd Cong. Sess., Washington, DC, 1992

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Indian Health and Tribal Economic Development : oversight hearing before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, first session ... December 19, 1992 Washington D.C. G.P.O. :1992

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Indian Affairs. Indian Economic Development; Indian Employment Opportunity Acts of 1989; and the Supreme Court's decision [i.e. decision] in Cotton Petroleum Corp. v. New Mexico : hearing before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, second session,... May 1, 1990, Washington, DC G.P.O., 1990

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Indian Affairs. Indian Finance Corporation Act : hearing before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, second session,... July 25, 1990, Washington, DC G.P.O., 1991

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Indian Affairs. Indian Development Finance Corporation Act, Indian Economic Development Act of 1989, Implementation of the 1988 Indian Financing Act Amendments : hearing before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, first session... July 27, 1989, Washington, DC Publisher Washington D.C., G.P.O., 1990

United States. Congress Senate. Committee on Indian. Affairs. Indian Tribal Development Consolidated Funding Act : Hearing Before the Committee on Indian Affairs, the U. S. Senate, 106th Congress, 2nd session, on S. 2025 ... Sep. 27, 2000, Washington D.C. Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional sales office, 2000.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Tribal Energy Self-Sufficiency Act and the Native American Energy Development and Self-Determination Act : hearing before the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, first session ... March 19, 2003, Washington, DC Publisher Washington, U.S. G.P.O. ,2003


United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Small Business. Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2000 : reports. Rpt. 106-422, Sep. 27, 2000, Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 2000 (48 p.)

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Resources. Indian Tribal Economic Development and Contract Encouragement Act of 1999 : report, H. Rpt. 106-501, Feb. 29, 2000 Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 2000 (6 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Providing for Business Development and Trade Promotion for Native Americans, and for other purposes : report S. Rpt. 106-149, Sep. 8, 1999 Washington, D.C., G.P.O. 1999 (8 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Encouraging Indian Economic Development, to Provide for the Disclosure of Indian Tribal Sovereign Immunity in Contracts Involving Indian Tribes, and for other purposes : report S. Rpt. 106-150, Sep. 8, 1999 Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 1999 (17 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Providing for Regulatory Reform in Order to Encourage Investment, Business, and Economic Development with respect to Activities Conducted on Indian lands : report S. Rpt. 106-151, Sep. 8, 1999 Washington, D.C., GPO., 1999 (8 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Amending the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, and for other purposes : report S. Rpt. 106-498, Oct. 11, 2000 Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 2000 (24 p.)

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Resources. Tribal Self-Governance Amendments of 1999 : report H. Rpt. 106-477, Nov. 17, 1999 Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 1999 (67 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Amending the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, and for other purposes : report, S. Rpt. 104-241, Mar. 14, 1996, Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 1996 (104 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. To improve the cause of action for misrepresentation of Indian arts and crafts : report, S. Rpt. 106-452, Oct. 2, 2000 Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 2000 (7 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. Amending the Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992, to emphasize the need for job creation on Indian reservations, and for other purposes : report, S. Rpt. 106-277, May 3, 2000 Washington, D.C. G.P.O., 2000 (7 p.)

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs. To Amend the Indian Employment, Training, and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992 to provide for the transfer of services and personnel from the Bureau of Indian Affairs to the Office of Self-Governance, to emphasize the need for job creation on Indian reservation, and for other purposes : report, S. Rpt. 105-207, Washington D.C. G.P.O., 1998 (22 p.)



---------- Arizona Indian Tribe to Franchise Juice Bar Concept, Nation's Restaurant News, p.76 (March 17, 1997).

---------- Banks May Not be Answer to Tribes' Woes, Journal of Housing and Community Development, v60 i2 p14 (March 2003).

---------- Development Center Aids Indian-owned Businesses, Fedgazette, p.6 (July 1992).

---------- Doing Business on the Pueblos, New Mexico Business Journal, p.20 (April 1998).

---------- Finance and Economics: Americas Dept. Collection Industry: The Indians are Coming, 373 The Economist (2004).

---------- Ginnie Mae's New Affordable Focus, National Mortgage News, v27 i27 p 46 (March 2003).

---------- Indian Gaming Roundtable, California Lawyer, v25 i1 ps 39-41 (Jan. 2005)

---------- Indian Tribes ask Wall Street for Financial partnership, Hispanic Times Magazine, p.40 (March-April 1990).

---------- Intergovernmental compacts in Native American law: models for expanded usage, 112 Harvard Law Review 922 (1999) 112 Harv. L. Rev. 922

---------- Regulators Cracking Down on Tribal Alternative to Comp; Sovereign Immunity at Center of Legal Dispute. Business Insurance, v38 i1 p4 ( Jan. 2004).

--------- This Tribe Plays for Keeps. Time, v160 i25 p58 (Dec. 2003).

---------- Tribal Businesses and the Uncertain Reach of Tribal Sovereign Immunity: a Statutory Solution. 67 Washington Law Review, 113 (January 1992). 67 Wash. L. Rev. 113

Abrams, Garry. Carnivorous Card Room Seeks Constitutional Meal of Tribal Gaming Laws. The Los Angeles Daily Journal, Feb. 13, 2001 v114 i30 p1 col1 (5 col in).

Adam, Daniel J. Tribal Telecom: Telecommunications Regulation in Indian Country. 27 Journal of Legislation, 153 (Wntr 2001). 27 J. Legis. 153

Agnew, Richard. The Dormant Indian Commerce Clause: Up in Smoke? American Indian Law Review, v25 i2 ps 353-380 (2000). 25 Am. Ind. L. Rev. 353

Ahola, Amber J. Call it the Revenge of the Pequots," or How American Indian Tribes can Sue States Under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act Without Violating the Eleventh Amendment. 27 University of San Francisco Law Review, 907 (Summer 1993). 27 U.S.F. L. Rev. 907

Alexander, Robert William. The Collision of Tribal Natural Resource Development and State Taxation: an Economic Analysis. 27 New Mexico Law Review, 387 (1996). 27 N.M. L. Rev. 387

Anderson, Ivy. Protecting the Salmon: an Implied Right of Habitat Protection in the Stevent Treaties, and its Impact on the Colombia River Basis. 24 Vermont Law Review, 143 (Fall 1999). 24Vt. L. Rev. 143

Anderson, Jeffrey. Going for Broke. (California Law Business) The Los Angeles Daily Journal, Feb. 28 2000 v113 i39 ps12 col1 (50 col in).

Anderson, Terry L. and Lueck, Dean. Land Tenure and Agricultural Productivity on Indian Reservations. 35 Journal of Law and Economics, 427 (October 1992).

Anderson, Terry L. and McChesney, Fred S. Raid or Trade? An Economic Model of Indian-White Relations. 37 Journal of Law and Economics, 39 (April 1994). 37 J.L. & Econ. 39

Ansson, R.J.J.,, Tribal Economic Development: What Challenges Lie Ahead for Tribal Nations as They Continue to Strive for Economic Diversity? Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy, v11 i9 ps 441-84 ( Winter 2001/2002). 11-WTR Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 441

Aprill, Ellen P. Tribal Bonds: Indian Sovereignty and the Tax Legislative Process. 46 Administrative Law Review, 333 (Summer 1994). 46 Admin. L. Rev. 333

Ashton, S. The Role of National Indian Gaming Commission in the Regulation of Tribal Gaming. New England Law Review, v37 i3 ps545-51 (Spring 2003). 37 New Eng. L. Rev. 545

Austin, W.J.R. Self-Government and Fiscal Relations: Fundamental Changes in the Relationship. (Canada) (Proceedings of a Policy Conference on Aboriginal Tax, Treaties, and Self-Government, part 1. 48 Canadian Law Journal, 1232 (August 2000).

Barrlett Donald L., et. al. Playing the Political Slots. Time, v160 i26 p52 (Dec. 2002).

Barrlett Donald L., et. al. Who Gets the Money? Time, v160 i25 p48 (Dec. 2002).

Bedortha, Christian C. The House Always Wins: a Look at the Federal Government's Role in Indian Gaming & the Long Search for Autonomy. Scholar, v6 (2004). 6 SCHOLAR 261

Berardi, Gigi, Natural Resource Policy, Unforgiving Geographies, and Persistent Poverty in Alaska Native Villages. 38 Natural Resources Journal, 85 (Wntr 1998). 38 Nat. Resources J. 85

Berardi, Gigi; Burns, Dan Science and Culture in a Curriculum for Tribal Environment Management: TENRM Program at the Northwest Indian College. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, v26 i3 ps 47-64 (2002).

Berardi, Gigi; Burns, Dan The Tribal Environment and Natural Resources Management Approach to Indian Education and Student Assessment. Journal of American Indian Education, v42 i1 ps 58-74 (2003).

Bernardi-Boyle, Dao Lee. State Corporations for Indian Reservations. 41 American Indian Law Review (2001/2002). 26 Am. Indian L. Rev. 41

Betz, Larry; Budnick, Donna. Labor and Employment Law and American Indian Tribes. The Michigan Bar Journal, v83 i1 ps 1-182 (July 2004). 83-JUL Mich. B.J. 15

Biddle, S. G. Labor and Employment Issues for Tribal Employees. 34 Arizona Attorney, 16 (January 1998). 34-JAN Ariz. Att'y 16

Biolsi, Thomas John. et. al. Welfare Reform on Rosebud Reservation: Challenges for Tribal Policy. Wicazo Sa Review, v17 i1 ps 131-58 (2002).

Blinka, Daniel D; Hammer, Thomas J. Gaming Compact- Separation of Powers. Wisconsin Lawyer, v77 i7 p 34 (July 2004). 77-JUL Wis. Law. 34

Blumm, Michael C. Retracing the Discovery Doctrine: Aboriginal Title, Tribal Sovereignty and Their Significance to Treaty Making and Modern Natural Resources Policy in Indian Country. Vermont Law Review, v28 i3 ps 713-77 (Spring 2004). 28 Vt. L. Rev. 713

Bodney, D. J. Taxing Times in Indian Country. 34 Arizona Attorney, 22 (January 1998). 34-JAN Ariz. Att'y 22

Bordewich, Fergus. How to Succeed in Business: Follow the Choctaw's Lead. Smithsonian, p.70 (March 1996).

Boyce, Katherine Randolph. Expanded Federal Contracting Opportunities for Indian Enterprises: a Summary of Five Initiatives Launched During the 101st Congress. 38, Federal Bar News & Journal, 80 (1991). 38 Fed. B. News & J. 80

Boyce, Katherine R. Incentive Payment Program Expands Federal Subcontracting Opportunities for Indian Country. Fed. Law, 38 2001 WL 388656 p.38. 48-APR Fed. Law. 38

Brass, Kevin. Indian Gaming: Tribal Casinos Retooling Their Image to Lure High Rollers, Agent Community. University of Oklahoma College of Law, v27 i2 ps 399-420 ( Spring 2003).

Bravo, Karen E. Balancing Indigenous Rights to Land and the Demands of Economic Development: Lessons from the United States and Australia. 30 Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems, 529. 30 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 529

Brietzke, Paul H.& Kline, Teresa L. The Law and Economies of Native American Casinos. 78 Nebraska Law Review, 263 (Spring 1999). 78 Neb. L. Rev. 263

Brown, Ralph. Economic Trends on the American Indian Reservations in South Dakota. South Dakota Business Review, v61 i4 p1 (June 2003).

BryldoIf, Libby. Increasingly, Reservations Put Remote Land to Profitable Uses. San Diego Business Journal, p.11 (December 3, 1990).

Burgess, J. When Indian Law and Tax Law Collide: How Pulltab Games Got to the Supreme Court. Cleveland State Law Review, v49 i2 ps 325-55 ( 2001). 49 Clev. St. L. Rev. 325

Burris, Tracy. How Tribal Gaming Commissions are Evolving. 243 Gaming Law Review (August 2004).

Caher, John. Court Limits Governor's Authority to Allow Casinos on Reservations; Compact with Indian Tribes are Invalid Without Legislature's Consent. New York Law Journal, v225 i70 p1 col3 (35 col in). (April 12, 2001).

Chambers, Reid Peyton and Echohawk, John E. Implementing the Winters [Winters v. United States, 28 S. CT. 20 (1908)] Doctrine of Indian Reserved Water Rights: Producing Indian Water and Economic Development Without Injuring Non-Indian Water Users? 27 Gonzaga Law Review, 447 (1991/1992). 27 Gonz. L. Rev. 447

Champagne, Duane. Challenges to Native Nation Building in the 21st Century. Arizona State Law Journal, v34 i1 ps 46-54 (Spring 2002). 34 Ariz. St. L.J. 46

Carleton, Jennifer. State Income Taxation of Nonmember Indians in Indian Country. American Indian Law Review, v27 ps 253-280 (2002). 27 Am. Indian L. Rev. 253

Chatigny, Bradford E. The Anadarko Dilemma: Can "Offshore" Banking Join Gambling in the Native American Arsenal of Economic Development? (Anadarko, Oklahoma) 32 Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems, (Fall 1998). 32 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 99

Claiborne, William. Tribe's Big Step: From Casinos to Conglomerates. Washington Post, p.1 (August 14, 1998).

Clifford, John S. Application of Article 9 to Secured Transactions in Indian Country. 28 Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal, 297 (Winter 1996).

Clift, Spencer. The Historical Development of American Indian Tribes; Their Recent Dramatic Commercial Advancement; and a Discussion of the Eligibility of Indian Tribes Under the Bankruptcy Code and Related Matters. 177 American Indian Law Review (2002/2003). 27 Am. Ind. L. Rev. 177

Collins, Nancy B. and Hall, Andrea. Nuclear Waste in Indian Country: a Paradoxical Trade. 12 Law & Inequity,  267 (June 1994).

Cook, Ellen D. Federal Tax Law as a Catalyst for Economic Development: Incentives for Empowerment Zones, Enterprise Communities, and Indian Reservations. 46 Oil, Gas & Energy Quarterly, 1133 (December 1997).

Cornell, Stephen. Sovereignty, Prosperity and Policy in Indian Country Today. 5 Community Reinvestment, 5 (1997).

Cornell, Stephen and Kalt, Joseph P. Where Does Economic Development Really Come From: Constitutional Rule Among the Contemporary Sioux and Apache. 33 Economic Inquiry, 402 (July 1995).

Cornell, Stephen and Gil-Swedberg, Marta Cecilia. Sociohistorical Factors in Institutional Efficacy: Economic Development in Three American Indian Cases. 43 Economic Development and Cultural Change, 239 (January 1995).

Cornell, Stephen and Kalt, Joseph P. Sovereignty and Nation-Building: the Development Challenge in Indian Country Today. 22 American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 187 (1998).

Cosens, Barbara. A Framework For Evaluation of Tribal Water Settlements.18 Nat. Resources & Env't 41 (Fall 2003).

Cosens, Barbara. Farmers, Fish, Tribal Power and Poker: Reallocating Water in the Truckee River Basin, Nevada and California. 89 Hasting West- Northwest Journal of Environmental Law and Policy (Fall 2003).

Cross, Raymond. De-Federalizing American Indian Commerce: Toward a New Political Economy for Indian Country. 16 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 445 (Spring 1993). 16 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 445

Danahy, Scott D. License to Discriminate: the Application of Sovereign Immunity to Employment Discrimination Claims Brought by Non-Native American Employees of Tribally Owned Businesses. 25 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 679 (Spring 1998). 25 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 679

Day, Janet. Native American-Owned Company Breaks New Ground with Natural Gas. Journal of Cormmerce and Commercial, p.11B (May 10, 1994).

Dean, Stephanie. Getting a Piece of the Action: Should the Federal Government be able to Tax Native American Gambling Revenue? 32 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 157 (Wntr 1999). 32 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 157

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The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development.
National Indian Gaming Association, (NIGA). (202) 546-7711
The mission of NIGA is to protect and preserve the general welfare of tribes striving for self-sufficiency through gaming enterprises in Indian Country. To fulfill its mission, NIGA works with the Federal government and Congress to develop sound policies and practices and to provide technical assistance and advocacy on gaming-related issues. In addition, NIGA seeks to maintain and protect Indian sovereign governmental authority in Indian Country.

First Nations Financial Project. (540) 371-5615

American Indian Economic Development Association. (773) 784-0808
Sealaska Corporation is the corporate site for the Alaskan Tlingit and Haida shareholders. In addition to stockholder information, there are articles about Alaska native subsistence rights.
The National Tribal Development Association is headquartered in Box Elder, Montana. It was established in 1995 by a group of 15 tribal leaders who came together in order to advance their common interest in the development of tribal economies. The site includes a handbook on development incentives for reservations, a list of member tribes, project reports from the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development (1988), a handbook on development incentives for reservations, a list of Indian owned businesses, and a paper on enterprise zones in Indian Country.
The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development's mission is "to develop and expand an American Indian private sector which employs Indian labor, increases the number of tribal and individual Indian businesses, and positively impacts and involves reservation communities, by establishing business relationships between Indian enterprises and private industry." One arm of the organization provides assistance to reservation-based businesses seeking government contracts. The Native American Business Development Centers in California, Arizona and Washington work with the U.S. Department of Commerce to put together financial and loan packages for tribal businesses, help with business plans, and other management and technical assistance. A Business Consultant program assists businesses with web page design, computerized accounting, and tax advice.
The American Indian Chamber of Commerce promotes American Indian businesses in Oklahoma.
The American Indian Gambling and Casino Information Center operates as a clearinghouse and educational, legislative, and public policy resource for tribes, policymakers, and the public on Indian gaming issues and tribal community development. It's sponsored by the National Indian Gaming Association.
The Native American Manufacturer's Network is a group of eight tribal nations in Montana and Wyoming.
The Alliance of Tribal Tourism Advocates was organized in 1993 by tribal governments in the South Dakota region. "The consortium works to enhance and promote tourism as a means of economic development, while maintaining respect for tribal traditions and lands." They publish intertribal tourism materials, host workshops, and sponsor national marketing efforts.
The Minnesota American Indian Chamber of Commerce exists to promote Native American entrepreneurs, and to provide education, training, and employment services to Native American youth and adults.
Karen Strom authors this list of articles and websites on gaming, titled Index of Native American Gaming Resources on the Internet.
Karen Strom also authors the Index of Native American Commercial Resources on the Internet. Here is a directory of businesses with web sites. Subject areas are broadcasting and media, arts and crafts, clothing and fashion, computers, technology and networks, commerce and promotion, consulting, herbs and foods, laboratories, engineering and environmental consulting, manufacturing and heavy industry, performance, plants and gardening, publishing, retail, and tourism.
The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians home page includes descriptions of activities of their economic development subcommittees.
Northern California Indian Development Council consists of eighteen American Indian community organizations located in Northern California counties. Sample tribal business codes are included.
The Intertribal Council of Arizona operates projects to provide tribal governments with training in resource development.
The National Congress of American Indians recognizes the need for sustained economic growth in Indian communities across the country. They are working with the Economic Development Administration of the U.S. Dept. of Commerce to identity characteristics of successful Indian businesses.
ONABEN is a Native American Business network created by Northwest Indian Tribes to increase success of private businesses owned by Native Americans. It assists and encourages tribes to share business development resources. The page includes a newsletter, an analysis of Native American participation in the Northwest economy, a list of economic development achievements, and other business-oriented information. The site links to the Oregon Native American Chamber of Commerce, and the Office of Women's Business Ownership.
The First Nations Development Institute promotes culturally appropriate economic development. It operates the Native Assets Resource Center.
The Native American Business Alliance has two basic missions-To facilitate mutually beneficial relationships between private and public businesses with Native American owned companies. To educate the communities on Native American culture, paving the way for future generations.
Native American business connection offers a complete line of web products. Whether you are a novice or an experienced user, we would like to help you use the Internet more effectively. Or if, as is often the case, you're better at this than we are, we'd like to help you share YOUR knowledge with our readers.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Minority Business Development Centers
- This page contains: MBDA's free online tools - MBDA related websites - useful links - E-commerce resources
Cook Inlet Tribal Council has been instrimental in assisting Alaska Native and American Indian owned businesses to advertise their existence. CITC plays a vital role in assisting both Native and non-Native firms to locate Alaska Native and American Indian owned businesses as contractors, subcontractors, service providers, and suppliers in various private and public sector projects.
Office of Native American Affairs -Resource partner and advocate of the Native American business community
Resources for Indigenous Cultures around the world
Congressional and Legislative Affairs Home Page MISSION: To provide information on legislation concerning American Indians and Alaska Natives
National Indian Business Association :this site represents a culmination of NIBA’s continued diligence to better serve our Native American and Alaska Native businesses, and NIBA’s public and private sector partners and members.
Minnesota Indian Owned Business Directory. Each business is listed alphabetically by business type.
Americans for Indian Opportunity (AIO) catalyzes and facilitates culturally appropriate initiatives and opportunities that enrich the cultural, political and economic lives of Indigenous peoples. Founded by LaDonna Harris (Comanche) in 1970, AIO draws upon traditional Indigenous values to foster enlightened and responsible leadership, inspire stakeholder-driven solutions, and convene visionary leaders to probe contemporary issues and address challenges of the new century.
Indian Resource Development is a statewide non-profit, public service program headquartered at New Mexico State University and administered by the College of Agriculture and Home Economics in Las Cruces, New Mexico.
The Native American Business Development Center (NABDC) is committed to the development of successful minority owned businesses by providing quality management and technical assistance, designed to meet the needs of existing and potential minority businesses in Minnesota.

American Indian Development Association
P.O Box 2793 Bellingham Wash. 98227

American for Indian Opportunity
3508 Garfeild St. Washington D.C 20007 (202) 338-8809

Native American Business Coalition
6025 N. Smokerise Flagstaff AZ. 86033 (602) 526-0035

Navajo Nation Business Assocation
P.O Box 1217 Kayena AZ. 86033 (602) 697-3534

Arizona Indian Business Development Center
953 E. Juanita St. Mesa AZ. 85204 (602) 831-7524

California Indian Business Development Center
9650 Flair dr. Suite 303 El Monte Ca. 91731 (818) 442-3701

American Indians in Business
1302 Webster St. Oakland Ca. 94612 (510) 763-3410

American Indians for Development Inc.
29 W. Main St. P.O Box 117 Meriden CT. 06450 (203) 238- 4089

Native American Business Council Inc.
8720 Dixie Hwy. Fairhaven MI 48023 (313) 725-1990

Native American Business Council of Michigan Inc.
P.O Box 861 Warren MI 48090 (313) 756-1350

Cherokee Indian Business Development Center
165 French Broad Ave. Ashville N.C 28801 (704) 252-2516

North Dakota Indian Business Development Center
3315 University Dr. Bismarck N.D 58501 (701) 255-3228


Manual of Indian Gaming Law. (5 vols.) Supplemented 3x/yr. Falmouth Institute. (800) 992-4489.

Gaming Law Review. Bi-Monthly. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (914) 834-3100. ISSN:1092-1885.

Gaming Industry Litigation Reporter. Monthly. Andrews Publications. (202) 326-6030.

American Indian Business. Bi-Monthly. Communications Group, Inc., Official Publication of the National Indian Business Association. (202) 547-0580, ISSN: 1079-4522

Indian Business and Management. Quarterly. National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development. (602) 545-1298