Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma Tribal Code
Chapter Thirteen. Habeas Corpus
Section 1301. Persons Who May Prosecute Writ
Every person restrained of his liberty, under any pretense whatever, may prosecute, a writ of habeas corpus to inquire into the cause of the restraint, and shall be delivered therefrom when the restraint is illegal.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1301, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1301
Section 1302. Application for Writ
Application for the writ shall be made by petition, signed and verified either by the plaintiff or by some person in his behalf, and shall specify:
(a) By whom the person, in whose behalf the writ is requested, is restrained of his liberty, and the place where restrained, naming all the parties, if they are known, or describing them, if they are not known.
(b) The cause or pretense of the restraint, according to the best of the knowledge and belief of the applicant.
(c) If the restraint be alleged to be illegal, in what the illegality consists.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1302, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1302
Section 1303. Writ Granted
Writs of habeas corpus may be granted by any judge or magistrate of the Tribal District Court, either in open Court, or in vacation; and upon application the writ shall be granted without delay.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1303, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1303
Section 1304. Direction and Command of Writ
The writ shall be directed to the officer or party having the person under restraint, commanding him to have such person before the Court, or judge, at such time and place as the Court or judge shall direct, to show cause if any he has for the restraint imposed upon the person on whose behalf the writ is issued, to do and receive what shall be ordered concerning him and have then and there the writ in his possession.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1304, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1304
Section 1305. Delivery to Tribal Police Chief
If the writ be directed to the Chief of the Tribal Police, it shall be delivered by the Clerk to him without delay.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1305, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1305
Section 1306. Service on Party Other Than Tribal Police Chief
If the writ be directed to any other person, it shall be delivered to the Chief of the Tribal Police and shall be by him served by delivering the writ to such person without delay.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1306, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1306
Section 1307. Service When Person Not Found
If the person to whom such writ is directed cannot be found, or shall refuse admittance to the Chief of the Tribal Police, the same may be served by leaving it at the residence of the person to whom it is directed, or by affixing the same on some conspicuous place, either of his dwelling house or where the party is confined under restraint.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1307, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1307
Section 1308. Return and Enforcement of Writ
The Chief of the Tribal Police or other person to whom the writ is directed shall make immediate return thereof, and if he neglect or refuse, after due service, to make return, or shall refuse or neglect to obey the writ by producing the party named therein, and no sufficient excuse be shown for such neglect or refusal, the Court shall enforce obedience by attachment.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1308, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1308
Section 1309. Manner of Return
The return must be signed and verified by the person making it, who shall state:
(a) The authority or cause of restraint of the party in his custody.
(b) If the authority be in writing, he shall return a copy and produce the original on the hearing.
(c) If he has had the party in his custody or under his restraint, and has transferred him to another, he shall state to whom, the time, place and cause of the transfer.
He shall produce the party on the hearing, unless prevented by sickness or infirmity or other good cause, which must be shown in the return.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1309, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1309
Section 1310. Proceedings in Case of Sickness or Infirmity
The Court or judge, if satisfied with the truth of the allegation of sickness or infirmity or other good cause for not producing the body of the person, may proceed to decide on the return, or the hearing may be adjourned until the party can be produced. The plaintiff may except to the sufficiency of, or controvert the return or any part thereof, or allege any new matter in avoidance; the new matter shall be verified, except in cases of commitment on a criminal charge; the return and pleadings may be amended without causing any delay.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1310, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1310
Section 1311. Hearings and Discharge
The Court or Judge shall thereupon proceed in a summary way to hear and determine the cause, and if no legal cause be shown for the restraint or for the continuance thereof, shall discharge the party.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1311, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1311
Section 1312. Limits on Inquiry
No judge shall inquire into the legality of any judgment or process, whereby the party is in custody, or discharge him when the term of commitment has not expired in either of the cases following:
(a) Upon process issued by any court or judge of the United States, or of any State or where such court or judge has exclusive jurisdiction; or,
(b) Upon any lawful process issued on any final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction; or,
(c) For any contempt of any court, officer or body having authority to commit; but an order of commitment as for a contempt, upon proceedings to enforce the remedy of a party, is not included in any of the foregoing specifications;
(d) Upon a warrant or commitment issued from the Tribal District Court, or any other court of competent jurisdiction, upon indictment or information.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1312, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1312
Section 1313. Writ Upon Temporary Commitment
No person shall be discharged from an order of temporary commitment issued by any judicial or peace officer for want of bail, or in cases not bailable, on account of any defect in the charge or process, or for alleged want of probable cause; but in all such cases, the court or judge shall summon the prosecuting witnesses, investigate the criminal charge, and discharge, let to bail or recommit the prisoner, as may be just and legal, and recognize witnesses when proper.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1313, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1313
Section 1314. Writ May Issue to Admit to Bail
The writ may be had for the purpose of letting a prisoner to bail in civil and criminal actions.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1314, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1314
Section 1315. Notice to Interested Persons
When any person has an interest in the detention, the prisoner shall not be discharged until the person having such interest is notified.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1315, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1315
Section 1316. Powers of Court
The Court or judge shall have power to require and compel the attendance of witnesses and to do all other acts necessary to determine the case.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1316, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1316
Section 1317. Officers Not Liable for Obeying Orders
No Tribal policeman or other officer shall be liable to a civil action for obeying any writ of habeas corpus or order of discharge or enforcement made thereon.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1317, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1317
Section 1318. Issuance of Warrant of Attachment
Whenever it shall appear by affidavit that anyone is illegally held in custody or restraint, and that there is good reason to believe that such person will be carried out of the jurisdiction of the Court or judge, or will suffer some irreparable injury before compliance with the writ can be enforced, the Court or judge may cause a Warrant of Attachment to be issued, reciting the facts, and directed to the Chief of the Tribal Police, commanding him to take the person thus held in custody or restraint, and forthwith bring him before the Court or judge, to be dealt with according to law.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1318, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1318
Section 1319. Arrest of Party Causing Restraint
The Court or judge may also, if the same be deemed necessary, insert in the warrant a command for the apprehension of the person charged with causing the illegal restraint.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1319, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1319
Section 1320. Execution of Warrant of Attachment
The officer shall execute the Warrant of Attachment by bringing the person therein named before the Court or Judge; and the like return and proceedings shall be required and had as in case of writs of habeas corpus.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1320, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1320
Section 1321. Temporary Orders
The Court or Judge may make any temporary orders in the cause or disposition of the party during the progress of the proceedings, that justice may require. The custody of any party restrained may be changed from one person to another, by order of the Court or Judge.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1321, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1321
Section 1322. Issuance and Service on Sunday
Any writ, warrant, or process authorized by this Chapter may be issued and served, in case of emergency on any day including Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1322, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1322
Section 1323. Issue of Process
All writs and other process, authorized by the provisions of this Chapter may be issued by the Clerk of the Court upon direction of a Judge, and except summons, sealed with the seal of such Court and shall be served and returned forthwith, unless the Court or Judge shall specify a particular time for any such return. And no writ or other process shall be disregarded for any defect therein, if enough is shown to notify the officer or person of the purport of the process. Amendments may be allowed, and temporary commitments, when necessary.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1323, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1323
Section 1324. Protection of Infants and Insane Persons
Writ of habeas corpus shall be granted in favor of parents, guardians, masters, husbands and wives; and to enforce the rights and for the protection of infants and insane persons; and the proceedings shall, in all such cases, conform to the provisions of this Chapter.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1324, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1324
Section 1325. Security for Costs Not Required
No deposit or security for costs shall be required of an applicant for a writ of habeas corpus.
Absentee Shawnee Civil Procedure Section 1325, AST CIV PRO Code Section 1325