Oglala Sioux Tribe: Law and Order Code
Last amended: 1996; New Ordinances Received: 2002.
OGLALA SIOUX TRIBAL LEASEHOLD MORTGAGE CODE
The purpose of this addendum is to avail the Oglala Sioux Tribe and its Veteran members of financing to construct, purchase, or improve family residences on tribal, heirship and trust land within the jurisdiction of the Oglala Sioux Tribe by prescribing procedures for the recording priority and foreclosure of leasehold mortgages given to secure loans made by the Department of Veteran Affairs under the Native American Veteran Direct Loan Program authorized under Title 38 U.S. Code, Section 3761 et. seq.
(a) Lease shall mean the lease of tribal, heirship and trust property, for which a Leasehold Mortgage, as defined in this document, has or will be given.
(b) Leasehold Mortgages shall mean the mortgage of a lease of tribal, heirship and trust property, given to secure a loan made under the VA Native American Direct Loan Program and 38 U.S. Code, Section 3761 et. seq..
(c) Leasehold Mortgage Foreclosure Proceeding shall mean a proceeding in the Tribal Court:
(1) To foreclose the interest of the Mortgagor(s), and each person or entity claiming through the Mortgagor(s), in a lease for which a Mortgage has been given under the VA Native American Direct Loan Program and 38 U.S. Code, Section 3761 et seq.;
(2) To assign such Lease to the Secretary of the VA, or the Secretary's assignee.
(d) Lessor shall mean the beneficial owner of the tribal, heirship and trust land or otherwise restricted property under a lease for which a Mortgage, as defined in this document, has been given, or the heir(s), executor(s), administrator(s) or assign(s) of the Tribe or such Oglala Sioux Veterans.
(e) Mortgagee shall mean the mortgagee under any Leasehold Mortgage, as defined in this document, or the successors) in interest of any such mortgagee, including the Secretary, as defined in this document, or the Secretary's assignee under such mortgage.
(f) Secretary shall mean the Secretary of the United States Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) or designee.
(g) Subordinate Lienholder shall mean the holder of any lien, including a subsequent mortgage, perfected subsequent to the recording of a Leasehold Mortgage under this document.
(h) Tenant shall mean any person who occupies real property under a lease, or other agreement with a lessor as defined in this document.
(i) Tribal Court shall mean the Tribal court as established by the Constitution and By-laws of the Oglala Sioux Tribe, Article V, Section 1.
(j) Tribal Recording Clerk shall mean the person designated by the Tribe to perform the recording functions required by this document or any deputy or designee of such person.
(k) Tribe shall refer to the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation as defined in the Tribal Constitution. Article V, Section 1.
(1) Unlawful detainer action shall be a suit brought before the Tribal Court to terminate a tenant's interest in real property and/or to evict any person from occupancy of real property.
(m) Waste is spoil or destruction by a tenant of land, buildings, gardens, trees or other improvements which results in substantial injury to the lessor's interest in the property.
(n) Writ of Restitution is an order of the Tribal Court:
(1) restoring an owner or lessor or the Secretary to possession of real property, and
(2) Eviction a tenant or occupant therefrom.
(o) Waste is spoil or destruction by a tenant of land, buildings, gardens, trees and other improvement which results in substantial injury to the lessor's interest in the property.
(p) Writ of Restitution is an order of the Tribal Court:
A Leasehold Mortgage recorded in accordance with the recording procedures set forth in this Title shall have priority over any lien not perfected at the time of such recording and any subsequent lien or claim. Nothing in this document shall prevent any person or entity from recording a Leasehold Mortgage or from a Leasehold Mortgage with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
(a) The Tribal Recording Clerk shall maintain in the Tribal Court, a system for the recording of Leases, Leasehold Mortgages and such other documents as the Tribe may designate by law or resolution.
(b) The Tribal Recording Clerk shall endorse upon any Leasehold Mortgage or other document received for recording:
(1) The date and time of receipt of the Leasehold Mortgage or other documents.
(2) The filing number, to be assigned by the Tribal Recording Clerk, which shall be a unique number for each Leasehold Mortgage or other document received; and
(3) The name of the Tribal Recording Clerk receiving the Leasehold Mortgage or document.
Upon completion of the above endorsement, the Tribal Recording Clerk shall make a true and correct copy of the Leasehold Mortgage or other document and shall certify the copy as follows:
SIOUX TRIBE )
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation )
I certify that this is true and correct copy of a document received for recording this date.
Given under my hand and seal this _____ day of _________, 1994.
The Tribal Recording Clerk shall maintain the copy in the records of the recording system and shall return the original of the Leasehold Mortgage or other document to the person of entity that presented the same for recording.
(c) The Tribal Recording Clerk shall also maintain a log of each Leasehold Mortgage or other document in which there shall be entered:
(1) The name(s) of the Mortgagors) of each Leasehold Mortgage, identified as such;
(2) The name(s) of the grantor(s), grantee(s), or other designation of each party named in any other documents;
(3) The date and time of receipt;
(4) The filing number assigned by the Tribal Recording Clerk; and
(5) The name of the Tribal Recording Clerk receiving the Leasehold Mortgage or document.
(d) The certified copies of the Leasehold Mortgages and other documents and the log maintained by the Tribal Recording Clerk shall be made available for public inspection and copying.
LEASEHOLD MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE PROCEEDINGS:
Upon the default of the Mortgagors) under a Leasehold Mortgage, the Secretary may commence a Leasehold Mortgage foreclosure proceeding in the Tribal Court by filing:
(a) A verified complaint:
(1) Naming the Mortgagor(s) and each person or entity claiming through the Mortgagors) subsequent to the recording of the Leaseholder, as a defendant;
(2) Describing the property;
(3) Stating the Facts concerning the execution of the Lease and the .Leasehold mortgage; the facts concerning the recording of the Leasehold mortgage; the facts concerning the alleged defaults) which constitutes a cause of action;
(4) Having appended as exhibits true and correct copies of each promissory note, Lease, Leasehold Mortgage, or assignment thereof relating to the property; and
(5) Including an allegation that all relevant requirements and conditions prescribed in (i) Title 38 U.S. Code, Section 3761 et. seq., (ii) the regulations promulgated thereunder by the Secretary, and (iii) the provisions of the Lease have been complied with by the Secretary.
(b) A summons, issued as in other cases, requiring the Mortgagors) and each other defendant to appear for a hearing upon the complaint on a date and time specified in the summons.
(c) At the time and place scheduled for the hearing, if the defendant appears, he may answer the complaint and allege all matter in excuse, justification or avoidance of the allegations in the complaint. Thereupon, the Court shall hear and determine the action, without a-jury, or it may adjourn for trial and provided in the Power of the Tribal Court.
SERVICE OF PROCESS AND PROCEDURES.
The laws of the Tribe governing service of process and all other matters relating to the conduct of Tribal Court proceedings shall apply to any Leasehold Mortgage Foreclosure Proceeding pursuant to this ordinance.
CURE OF DEFAULT BY SUBORDINATE LIENHOLDER.
Prior to the entry of a judgment of foreclosure, and Mortgagor or any subordinate Lienholder may cure the default(s) under the Leasehold Mortgage. Any subordinate Lienholder who has cured a default shall thereafter have included in its lien the amount of all payments made by such Subordinate Lienholder to cure the default(s) , plus interest on such amounts at the rate stated in the note for the Leasehold Mortgage.
POWER OF THE TRIBAL COURT. If the alleged defaults) have not been cured, and if the Tribal Court should find for the Secretary, the Tribal Court shall enter judgment:
(a) Foreclosing the interest in the Lease of the Mortgagors) and each other defendant named in the complaint upon whom proper and timely service has been made, including each such Subordinate Lienholder; and
(b) Assigning such Lease to the Secretary or the Secretary's assignee.
The provisions of this section shall apply to all persons and property subject to the governing authority of the Tribe as established by the Tribal Constitution and By-laws.
The definition provided in the section on Leasehold Mortgages applies to this section as well.
A tenant or other occupier of land shall be guilty of unlawful detainer, if such person shall continue in occupancy of real property under any of the following situations:
(a) Without the requirement of any notice:
(1) After the expiration of the term of the lease or other agreement; or
(2) If such person has entered onto or remains on the real property of another without the permission of the owner and without having claim of a lease or title to the property; or
(3) After the interest of such person in a lease has been foreclosed in a leasehold mortgage foreclosure proceeding in the Tribal Court.
(b) After having received thirty (30) days' notice, the tenant or occupier shall remain in possession of the property contrary to the terms of the notice as follows:
(1) When such person has received notice:
(i) That he or she is in default in the payment of rents; and
(ii) Requiring him or her to either pay the rent or surrender possession of the occupied property; and such person has remained in possession after receipt of such notice without either surrendering possession of the property or paying the rent; or
(2) When the lease of the property is for an indefinite time, with rent to be paid monthly or by some other period, and the lessor has given notice of termination of the tenancy at least thirty (30) days prior to the end of such month or period; or
(3) When such person shall continue to fail to keep or perform any condition or covenant of the lease or agreement under which the property is held after he has been given notice to surrender the property because of foreclosure; or
(4) When such person continues to commit or to permit waste upon or maintain a nuisance upon the occupied property after having been given notice, to either cease such waste or maintenance of nuisance or to surrender the property.
PROCEDURES FOR SERVICE OF NOTICE.
Notices required or authorized in the immediately preceding section shall be given in writing by either:
(a) Delivering a copy personally to the tenant or occupier or to any adult members of his or her family residing on the premises.
(b) Posting said notice in a conspicuous place near the entrance to said premises, and by sending an additional copy to the tenant or occupier by certified mail, return receipt requested, properly addressed, postage prepaid.
Proof of service by either of the above methods may be made by affidavit of any adult person stating that he or she has complied fully with the requirements of either of these two (2) methods of service.
COMPLAINT AND SUMMONS.
The owner of real property or lessor or Secretary shall commence an action for unlawful detainer by filing with the Court, in writing, the following documents:
(a) A complaint, signed by the owner, lessor, the Secretary, and agent, or attorney, stating:
(1) The facts on which he or she seeks to recover;
(2) Describing the property so that it can be identified with reasonable certainty; and
(3) Any claim for damage or compensation due from the persons to be evicted.
(b) A summons issued, as in other cases, requiring the defendants to appear for trial upon the complaint on a date and time specified in the summons. The trial date specified in the days from the date of service of the summons and complaint. The summons must notify the defendants that judgment will be taken against them in accordance with the terms of the complaint unless they file with the court an answer and appear for trial at the time, date and place specified in the summons.
SERVICE OF SUMMONS AND COMPLAINT.
A copy of the summons and complaint shall be served upon the defendants in the manner provided by the Tribal Court rules for service of processing civil matters. In the absence of such Tribal Court rules, the summons 'and complaint shall be served by one of the two methods authorized in the section on procedures for service of notice above.
POWER OF THE TRIBAL COURT.
The Tribal Court shall enter a Writ of Restitution, if:
(a) Notice of suit and trial is given by services of summons and complaint in accordance with the procedures provided in this document; and
(b) The Tribal Court shall find that the occupier of the real property is guilty of an act of unlawful detainer.
Upon issuance of a Writ of Restitution, the Tribal Court shall have the authority to enter against the defendants, a judgment for the following: back rent, unpaid utilities, charges due the Tribe, or landowner under any lease or occupancy agreement (not including a leasehold mortgage) , and for damage caused by the defendants to the property, other than ordinary wear and tear. The Tribal Court shall have the authority to award to the prevailing party, his costs and reasonable attorney's fees in bringing suit.
CONTINUANCE IN CASES INVOLVING THE SECRETARY.
Except by agreement of all parties, there shall be no continuances in the cases involving the Secretary, which will interfere with the requirement that the Writ of Restitution in a case involving the Secretary, be enforced not later than sixty (60) days from the date of service of the summons and complaint.
Upon issuance of a Writ of Restitution by the Tribal Court, tribal law enforcement officers shall enforce the Writ of Restitution by evicting the defendants and their property from the premises, which are unlawfully occupied. in all cases involving the Secretary, the Writ of Restitution shall be enforced not later than sixty (60) days after the date of service of the summons and complaint.
History: Ordinance 93-16. Amended by Ordinance 95-01.Back to Top