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Crow Creek Sioux Tribe - Tribal Code - Table of Contents

Received: March 2005, On the cover: 1997 revisions

The tribe has not given permission for the full-text tribal code to be made available online. Please contact the library for assistance.

Table of Contents

Ch.1.  General provisions – 1-1-1. Constitutional authority.  1-1-2.  Names of codes.  1-1-3.  Prior inconsistent ordinances repealed.  1-1-4. Amendment of Law and Order Code. (1 pg).

Ch. 2.  Jurisdiction – 2-1-1. Territorial jurisdiction.  2-1-2.  Personal jurisdiction.  2-1-3. Jurisdiction over property. 2-1-4.  Concurrent jurisdiction.  2-1-5.  Sovereign immunity. 2-1-6. Federal government and Indian Health Service employees.  (2 pgs).

Ch. 3.  Judicial system – 3-1-1. Creation of the court.   3-1-2.  Composition of the court.  3-1-3.  Qualifications of judges.  3-1-4.  Appointment of judges.  3-1-5.  Term of office.  3-1-6. Duties of judges.  3-1-7.  Clerk of courts.  3-1-8.  Court Administrator.  3-1-9.  Court Service Officer.  (3 pgs).

Ch. 4.  Contempts –  4-1-1.  Acts or failure to act which constitute contempt of court.  4-1-2. Civil contempt.  4-1-3. Criminal contempt.  4-1-4.  Contempt procedure.  (2 pgs).

Ch. 5.  Judicial code of ethics – 5-1-1. Application of code.  5-1-2.  Honesty and independence of tribal court.  5-1-3.  Impropriety and the appearance of impropriety.  5-1-4. Diligence and impartiality.  5-1-5. Adjudicative responsibilities.  5-1-6. Administrative responsibilities. [Pages for the following sections, and possibly part of 5-1-6, are missing from this copy: 5-1-7. Disqualification.  5-1-8. Improvement of the legal system.  5-1-9. Extra-judicial appointments.  5-1-10. Political activities of tribal judges.  5-1-11. Political conduct in general].  5-1-12. Sanctions for violation of this code.  (3 pgs).

Ch. 6.  Jurors – 6-1-1. Jurors.  6-1-2. Jury list.  6-1-3. Juries – how constituted.  6-1-4. Power to excuse jurors. 6-1-4. Power to excuse jurors.  6-1-5. Compensation of jurors.  6-1-6. Objection to competency of juror.  6-1-7. Case and verdict.  6-1-8. Penalty for retaliation.  (2 pgs).

Ch. 7.  Tribal court advocate and professional attorneys – 7-1-1. Tribal court advocate.  7-1-2. Professional attorney.  7-1-3. Eligibility for admission.  7-1-4. Attorneys from other states.  7-1-5. Procedure for admissions.  7-1-6. Disbarment and discipline.  7-1-7. Oath upon admission.  7-1-8. Attorney and advocate roles.  (3 pgs).

Ch. 8.  Rules of civil procedure – 8-1-1.  General provisions.  8-1-2.  Commencements of action and preliminary matters.  8-1-3.  Time.  8-1-4.  General appearance.  8-1-5.  Special appearance.  8-1-6.  Method of appearance.  8-1-7.  Appearance; time allowed parties; default decision.  8-1-8.  Motions.  8-1-9.  Answer.  8-1-10.  Counterclaims – set off.  8-1-11.  Pleadings; amendment.  8-1-12.  General rules of pleading.  8-1-13.  Pleading special matters.  8-1-14.  Form of pleadings.  8-1-15.  Defenses and objections.  8-1-16.  Counterclaim or crossclaim.  8-1-17.  Amendment of pleadings.  8-1-18.  Parties.  8-1-19.  Intervention.  8-1-20.  Discovery.  8-1-21.  Jury trials.  8-1-22.  Trial, date and postponement.  8-1-23.  Dismissal of actions.  8-1-24.  Consolidation; separate trials.  8-1-25.  Evidence.  8-1-26.  Subpoenas.  8-1-27.  Jurors.  8-1-28.  Instructions to the jury; arguments.  8-1-29.  Finding by the court.  8-1-30.  Judgments; costs.  8-1-31.  Default.  8-1-32.  Summary judgment.  8-1-33.  Entry of judgment.  8-1-34.  New Trials; amendments.  8-1-35.  Harmless error.  8-1-36.  Stay of proceedings to enforce a judgment.  8-1-37.  Disability or disqualification of a judge.  8-1-38.  Injunctions.  8-1-39.  Appeals.  (17 pgs).

Ch. 8-2.  Replevin – 8-2-1. Immediate delivery of personal property before judgment.  8-2-2.  Affidavit of claim and delivery required, contents; endorsement for immediate delivery.  8-2-3. Security required before delivery.  8-2-4.  Seizure, custody, and delivery of property by officer; method; service of papers required.  8-2-5.  Property claimed by third party; method; security required.  8-2-6.  Return of property.  8-2-7.  Security, cash deposits, sureties. 8-2-8.  Police report of proceedings. (3 pgs).

Ch. 9.  Rules of criminal procedure – 9-1-1. General provisions.  9-1-2. Statute of limitations.  9-1-3. Complaint – criminal.  9-1-4. Arrest-warrant or summons.  9-1-5. Arraignment.  9-1-6.  Joinder of offenses and of defendants.  9-1-7.  Pleas.  9-1-8.  Pleadings and motions before trial; defenses and objections.  9-1-9.  Trial together of charges.  9-1-10. Discovery and inspection.  9-1-11.  Subpoena.  9-1-12. Trial by jury or by the court.  9-1-13. Trial jurors.  9-1-14.  Judge Disability.  9-1-15.  Evidence.  9-1-16.  Expert witnesses and interpreters.  9-1-17.  Motion for judgment of acquittal. 9-1-18.  Instructions.  9-1-19.  Verdict.  9-1-20.  Judgment and sentencing.  9-1-21.  New trial.  9-1-22.  Correction or reduction of sentence.  9-1-23.  Clerical mistakes.  9-1-24.  Right of appeal – how taken.  9-1-25.  Stay of judgment and relief pending review.  9-1-26.  Search and seizure.  9-1-27.  Bail; release from custody.  9-1-28.  Extradition of offenders.  9-1-29.  Warrant reviewed by judge.  9-1-30. Hearing.  9-1-31.  Notifying and transfer within reasonable amount of time. (18 pgs).

Ch. 10.  Criminal code – 10-1-1.  Name and citation.  10-1-2.  Effective date. 10-1-3.  Purpose and construction. 10-1-4.  Exclusiveness of offenses.  10-1-5.  Civil liability unaffected.  10-1-6.  Severability.  10-1-7.  Prosecution for multiple offenses.  10-1-8. Limitation.  10-1-9.  Separate trials.  10-1-10. Included offenses.  10-1-11.  Double jeopardy. 10-2-1.  Sentences and punishments.  10-2-2.  Designation of offenses.  10-2-3.  Class of offense not specified.  10-2-4.  General principles of sentencing.  10-2-5.  Sentences and combinations of sentences; civil penalties.  10-2-6.  Maximum fines and sentences of imprisonment.  10-2-7. Payment of fines and other monies.  10-2-8.  Decision to impose a fine.  10-2-9.  Credit.  10-2-10.  Reduction of sentences.  10-2-11.  Sentencing proceeding.  10-2-12.  Suspension of sentence and probation.  10-2-13.  Period of suspension or probation; modification.  10-2-14.  Violation of terms of suspension or probation.  10-2-15.  Order removing disqualification or disability based on conviction.  10-2-16.  Final judgment.  10-2-17.  Eligibility for parole.  10-2-18.  Petition for parole.  10-2-19.  Consideration of parole.  10-2-20.  Powers over parole.  Offenses (10-3-1. Attempt.  10-3-2.  Criminal conspiracy.  10-3-3.  Solicitation).  Offenses against the person, assault and related offenses (10-3-4. Simple assault.  10-3-5. Aggravated assault.  10-3-6.  Terrioristic threats).  Criminal homicide and related offenses (10-3-7. Criminal homicide.  10-3-8.  Vehicular homicide.  10-3-9.  Causing a suicide.  10-3-10.  Aiding or soliciting a suicide.  10-3-11. Kidnapping.  10-3-12.  False imprisonment.  10-3-13.  Custodial interference.  10-3-14.  Rape.  10-3-15.  Indecent exposure.  10-3-16.  Sexual penetration.  10-3-17.  Provisions applicable to sexual offenses.  10-3-18.  Initial screening evaluation of offenders – psychiatric or psychological counseling – conditions of parole.  10-3-19.  Sexual contact with child under eighteen.  10-3-20. Sexual contact with a person incapable of consenting.  10-3-21.  Incest-prohibited sexual contact.  10-3-22.  Sexual exploitation of children – acts prohibited.  10-3-23.  Photographing child in obscene act.  10-3-24.  Failure to report).  Offenses against property (10-4-1. Arson.  10-4-2. Reckless burning.  10-4-3.  Criminal mischief.  10-4-4.  Burglary.  10-4-5.  Aggravated trespass.  10-4-6.  Simple trespass.  10-4-7.  Robbery.  10-4-8.  Theft offenses.  10-4-9.  Grading of theft offenses).  Offenses against the family (10-5-1.  Incest.  10-5-2.  Criminal nonsupport.  10-5-3.  Endangering the welfare of a child and fetus.  10-5-4.  Child abuse and neglect.  10-5-5.  Failure to send children to school.  10-5-6.  Truancy laws.  10-5-7.  Warrant for arrest).  Offenses against the administration of government (10-6-1.  Bribery in official matters.  10-6-2.  Retaliation for past official action).  Abuse of office (10-7-1.  Official misconduct.  10-7-2.   Misusing public money.  10-7-3.  Perjury.  10-7-4.  False alarms.  10-7-5.  Tampering with witnesses.  10-7-6.  Tampering with evidence.  10-7-7.  Definitions applicable to this part.  10-7-8.  Obstructing government function).  10-7-9.   Resisting arrest.  10-7-10.  Eluding a police officer.  10-7-11.  Obstructing justice.  10-7-12.  Refusing to aid an officer.  10-7-13.  Escape.  10-7-14.  Providing contraband.  10-7-15.   Bail Jumping.  10-7-16.  Injuring public property.  10-7-17.  Riot.  10-7-18.  Failure to disperse.  10-7-19.  False reports.  10-7-20.  Harassment.  10-7-21.  Cruelty to animals.  10-7-22. Criminal defamation.  10-7-23.  Possession of an alcoholic beverage by a person under 21.  10-7-24.  Public dances – no minor allowed where alcohol sold.  10-7-25.  Prostitution.  10-7-26. Spreading venereal disease.  10-7-27.  Weapons of offense.  10-7-28.  Abuse of psychotoxic chemical solvents.  10-7-[29].  Public nuisance.  10-7-30.  Curfew violation.  10-7-31.  Runaways.  10-7-32.  Harboring a runaway.  10-7-33.  Littering.  10-7-34.  Livestock offense.  10-7-35. Welfare offense.  10-7-36.  Controlled drugs and substances.  10-7-37.  Controlled drugs and substances.  10-7-38.  Unlawful possession of controlled drug or substance.  10-7-39.  Possession of marijuana prohibited.  10-7-40.  Marijuana.  10-7-41. Unauthorized, unlawful manufacture, distribution or dispensing of a controlled substance.  10-7-42.  Keeping a place for use or sale of controlled substance.  10-7-43.  Search warrants – grounds for issuance.  10-7-44.  Execution of search warrant without notice – special direction in warrant.  10-7-45.  Controlled drugs and substances deemed to be contraband.  10-7-46.  Other property declared contraband – disposition.  10-7-47. Disorderly conduct.  10-7-48.  Reckless endangerment.  10-7-49. Protective custody.  10-7-50. Contributing to the delinquency of a minor.  (47 pgs).

Ch. 11.  Motor vehicle code – 11-1-1. Duty of vehicle operator in case of accident – information given-aid to injured person.  11-1-2.  Immediate report to police authority when persons entitled to received information are disabled.  11-1-3.  Driving while license is canceled, suspended or revoked.  11-1-4.  Driving without a license.  11-1-5.  Permitting an unauthorized minor to drive.  11-1-6.  Driving without required equipment or with vehicle in unsafe condition.  11-1-7.  Starting, turning, and stopping without regard to safety.  11-1-8.  Speeding.  11-1-9.  Reckless driving.  11-1-10.  Exhibition driving.  11-1-11.  Driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquors or drugs.  11-1-12.  Implied consent.  11-1-13.  Revocation of license.  11-1-14.  Court review of revocation – procedure.  11-1-15.  Following too closely.  11-1-16.  Overtaking a vehicle without regard for safety.  11-1-17.  Failure to drive on the right side of roadway.  11-1-18.  Failure to stop for school bus flashing lights.  11-1-19.  Failure to stop for emergency vehicle.  11-1-20.  Failure to give right of way.  11-1-21.  Following an emergency vehicle.  11-1-22.  Stopping, standing, or parking on highway.  11-1-23.  Coasting.  11-1-24.  Obstruction to driver’s view or driving mechanism.  11-1-25.  Riding on fenders, hoods, bumpers, or running boards.  11-1-26.  Pedestrians on roadways without regard for safety.  11-1-27.  Headlamps and rearlamps required.  11-1-28.  Safety glass required – violation.  11-1-29.  Glazing material on motorcycles.  11-1-30.  Non-transparent material on windows prohibited – official certificates accepted.  11-1-31.  Windshield wipers required.  11-1-32.  Horn required.  11-1-33.  Bell, siren, or whistle permitted only on emergency vehicles.  11-1-34.  Directional signals required – motorcycles and tractors excepted.  11-1-35.  Muffler required – muffler cut-out prohibited.  11-1-36.  Silage and seasonal farm trucks exempts restriction on use.  11-1-37.  Improperly loaded vehicle unlawful.  11-1-38.  Slow moving vehicle emblem required – place of mounting.  11-1-39.  Penalties not otherwise prescribed.  11-1-40.  Statute of limitations.  11-1-41.  Definition of terms.  11-1-42.  Motor vehicle liability insurance shall be required.  (12 pgs).

Ch. 12.  Domestic relations code – 12-1-1.  Marriage.  12-1-2.  Annulment.  12-1-3. Marriage dissolution.  12-1-4.  Definitions.  12-1-5   Jurisdiction of the court.  12-1-6.  Residency requirements.  12-1-7.  Grounds for divorce.  12-1-8.  Grounds for annulment.  12-1-9.  Grounds for legal separation.  12-1-10.  Grounds for custody of children.  12-1-11.  Beginning the action affecting marriage – petition and response.  12-1-12.  Requirements before trial.  12-1-13.  Counseling for marriage assessment.  12-1-14.  Disclosure of assets required.  12-1-15.  Filing fee.  12-1-16.  Temporary orders.  12-1-17.  Guardian ad litem for minor child.  12-1-18.  Order for home study.  12-1-19.   Alimony and child support where decree granted.  12-1-20.  Wage assessment.  12-1-21. Property division.  12-1-22.  Enforcement of support order.  12-1-23.  Award of custody  12-1-24.  Basis for award of custody.  12-1-25.  Effect of custody determination.  12-1-26.  Visitation.  12-1-27.  Restoration of surname.  12-1-28.  Findings of fact and conclusions of law.  12-1-29. Testimony of petitioner.  12-1-30.  The decree of divorce.  12-1-31.  Default – Soldiers and Sailors Act – affidavit filed.  12-1-32.  Service of summons and petition.  12-1-33.  Notice of change of employer and change of address.  12-1-34.  Interpreting of this chapter.  12-1-35.  Presumption of legitimacy.  12-1-36.  Continuing jurisdiction.  12-1-37.  Clerk of court fees.  12-1-38. Record of decrees.  (12 pgs).

Ch. 13.  Procedures for involuntary commitment – 13-1-1.  Definitions.  13-1-2.  Purpose.  13-1-3.  Construction.  13-1-4.  Composition of appointment of board.  13-1-5.  Oaths of office of board members.  13-1-6.  Temporary placement of board members.  13-1-7.  Powers and duties.  13-1-8.  Duties of the Chairman.  13-1-9.  Records of board.  13-1-10.  Compensation, mileage and expenses.  13-1-11.  Application for involuntary commitment.  13-1-12.  Persons acting in good faith.  13-1-13.  Person acting in bad faith.  13-1-14.  Petition to be accompanied by certificate of examination.  13-1-15.  Translator required.  13-1-16.  Contents of certificate of examination.  13-1-17.  Right to additional examination  13-1-18.  Review of petition by Chairman. 13-1-19.  Order for examination.  13-1-20.  Place of hearing.  13-1-21.  Personal services on alleged mentally person – petition and notice of hearing.  13-1-22.  Counsel for allegedly mentally ill person.  13-1-23.  Precautions against drugs hampering defense.  13-1-24.  Presence of allegedly mentally ill person at hearing.  13-1-25.  Clear and convincing evidence required for finding of mental illness.  13-1-26.  Alternatives to hospitalization must be exhausted.  13-1-27.  Observation.  13-1-28.  Hearing.  13-1-29.  Filing and issuance of findings and order.  13-1-30.  Monthly status reports.  13-1-31.  Review hearing.  13-1-32.  Appeals from board’s decision.  13-1-33.  Conveyance of patient.  13-1-34.  Care pending admission to facility.  13-1-35.  Patients to be free from physical restraint and isolation.  13-1-36.  Treatment by spiritual means.  13-1-37.  Non-compliance with the order.  13-1-38.  Modify an unsuccessful program of treatment.  13-1-39.  Findings, decision, judgment – no effect upon any guardianship proceeding.  13-1-40.  Purpose.  13-1-41.  Construction.  13-1-42.  Definitions.  13-1-43.  Application for involuntary commitment.  13-1-44.  Hearing.  13-1-45. Notice of hearing.  13-1-46. Hearing.  13-1-47.  Clearing and convincing evidence required.  13-1-48.  Disposition.  13-1-49.  Observation.  13-1-50.  Emergency detention.  13-1-51.  Emergency placement.  13-1-52.  Emergency examination.  (14 pgs).

Ch. 14.  Indian Child Welfare Act – 14-1-1.  Policy.  14-1-2.  Definitions.  14-1-3.  Notice: tribal authority vested in juvenile court.  14-1-4.  Notice of child custody proceeding.  14-1-5.  Guidelines for accepting or declining jurisdiction.  14-1-6.  Transfer from state court.  14-1-7.  Full faith and credit.  (4 pgs).

Ch. 15.  Liquor ordinance – 15-1-1.  Sale of intoxicating beverages.  15-1-2.  Licenses.  15-1-3.  Tribal licensing requirements.  15-1-4.  Conditions.  15-1-5.  Suspension or cancellation of license.  15-1-6.  Inconsistent ordinances repealed.  (3 pgs).

Ch. 16.  Control of dogs and cats – 16-1-1.  License.  16-1-2.  Application.  16-1-3.  Fee-tag.  16-1-4.  Vicious or dangerous dog [and cat].  16-1-5.  Dogs of destructive habits.  16-1-6.  Dogs and cats without tags.  (2 pgs).

Ch. 17. Tribal employment and contracting rights ordinance -- 17-1-1.  Legislative findings and purpose.  17-1-2.  Definitions.  17-1-3.  Scope of coverage.  17-1-4.  Sovereign immunity.  17-1-5.  Savings clause.  17-1-6.  Tribal Employment and Contracting Rights Commission.  17-1-7.  Refusal of commission members.  17-1-8.  Powers of the commission. 17-1-9.  Commission rules and regulations.  17-1-10.  Tribal Employment and Contracting Rights Office and Director.  17-1-11.  Employment and contracting rights fees.  17-1-12.  Collection of fees.  17-1-13.  Reports and monitoring.  17-1-14.  Complaints.  17-1-15.  Complaint procedures.  17-1-16.  Investigations.  17-1-17.  Power to require testimony and production of record.  17-1-18.  Informal settlement.  17-1-19.  Formal notice of alleged violation and right to hearing.  17-1-20.  Bonds and interim relief.  17-1-21.  Compliance hearing.  17-1-22.  Pre-hearing procedures for compliance hearings.  17-1-23.  Compliance hearing procedures.  17-1-24.  Decision and civil sanctions.  17-1-25.  Irreparable harm.  17-1-26.  Appeals.  17-1-27.  Enforcement of commission’s order.  17-1-28.  Attachment.  17-1-29.  Confiscation and sale.  (22 pgs).

Ch. 18. Probate code – General provisions (18-1-1.  Jurisdiction.  18-1-2.  Reference to other law.  18-1-3.  Effect of  fraud and evasion.  18-1-4.  Effect of homicide on intestate succession, wills, join assets, life insurance and beneficiary designations.  18-1-5.  Evidence as to death or status.  18-1-6.  Practice in court.  18-1-7.  Records and certified copies.  18-1-8.  Jury trials.  18-1-9.  Oath or affirmation on filed documents.  18-1-10. Notice.  18-1-11.  Effect of divorce, annulment, and decree of separation.  18-1-12.  Petitions.  18-1-13.  Procedure for letters of special representative.  18-1-14.  Appointment of special representative.  18-1-15. Oath of special representative.  18-1-16.  Notice to creditors.  18-1-17.  Payment of creditors.  18-1-18.  Accounting.  18-1-19.  Special representative fees.  18-1-20.  Distribution; closing of estate.  18-1-21.  No heirs / passage to tribe.  18-1-22.  Advancements.  18-1-23.  Debts owed decedent.  18-1-24.  Status of heirs).  Wills (18-1-25.  Who may make a will.  18-1-26.  Execution.  18-1-27.  Self-proved will.  18-1-28.  Who may witness.  18-1-29.  Holographic will.  18-1-30.  Law as to execution.  18-1-31.  Revocation by writing or by act.  18-1-32.  Devisee survival requirement.  18-1-33.  Passage of property and after acquired property.  18-1-34.  Property discovered after estate closed).  (31 pgs).

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