Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma Tribal Code
Chapter Six. Other Provisions
Section 602. Arrest
(a) An arrest is the taking of a person into custody in the manner authorized by law. An arrest may be made by either a police or law enforcement officer or by a private person.
(b) A police or law enforcement officer may make an arrest in obedience to an arrest warrant, or he may, without a warrant, arrest a person:
(1) When he has probable cause to believe that an offense has been committed in his presence.
(2) When he has probable cause for believing the person has committed an offense, although not in his presence, and there is reasonable cause for believing that such person before a warrant can be obtained may:
(i) flee the jurisdiction or conceal himself to avoid arrest, or
(ii) destroy or conceal evidence of the commission of an offense, or
(iii) injure or annoy another person or damage property belonging to another person.
(c) A private person may arrest another, for prompt delivery to a law enforcement officer.
(1) When an offense is commit or attempted in his presence;
(2) When an arrest warrant for that person is in fact outstanding.
(d) Any person making an arrest may orally summon as many persons as he deems necessary to help him.
(e) If the offense charged is an offense punishable by banishment in violation of the federal major crimes act, the arrest may be made at his residence at any time of the day or night. Otherwise the arrest pursuant to a warrant can be made at a person's residence only between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. unless arrest at night at the residence is specifically authorized by the issuing Judge. Arrest at places other than at the residence may be made at any time.
(f) Any person, upon making an arrest:
(1) Must inform the person to be arrested of his intention to arrest him, of the cause or reasons for the arrest, and his authority to make it, except when the person to be arrested is actually engaged in the commission of, or an attempt to, commit an offense, or is pursued immediately after its commission or an escape if such is not reasonably possible under the circumstances;
(2) Must show the warrant of arrest as soon as is practicable, if such exists and is demanded;
(3) If a law enforcement officer, may use reasonable force and use all necessary means to effect the arrest if the person to be arrested either flees or forcibly resists after receiving information of the officer's intent to arrest except that deadly force may be used only as otherwise provided by law;
(4) If a law enforcement officer, may break open a door or window of a building in which the person to be arrested is, or is reasonable believed to be, after demanding admittance and explaining the purpose of which admittance is desired;
(5) May search the person arrested and take from him and put into evidence all weapons he may have about his person;
(6) Shall as soon as is reasonably possible, deliver the person arrested to a police office or do as commanded by the arrest warrant or deliver the person arrested to the jail for processing of a complaint.
Absentee Shawnee Criminal Procedure Code Section 602, AST CRIM PRO CODE Section 602
Section 603. Arrest in Hot Pursuit
(a) Any law enforcement officer otherwise empowered to arrest a person within this jurisdiction may continuously pursue such person from a point of initial contact within the jurisdiction of the Tribe to any point of arrest within or without the jurisdiction of the Tribe and such arrest shall be valid, provided, that such officer shall respect and comply with the extradition requirements of the jurisdiction in which the arrest is finally made.
(b) Any law enforcement officer commissioned by the Federal Government, any Indian Tribe, or State of when in hot and continuous pursuit of any person for the commission of a felony within such other jurisdiction may validly arrest such person within the jurisdiction of the Tribe, provided, that any person so arrested shall be forthwith delivered to a Tribal Police Chief for a show cause hearing pursuant to the extradition laws of the Tribe.
Absentee Shawnee Criminal Procedure Code Section 603, AST CRIM PRO CODE Section 603
Section 604. Limitation on Arrests in the Home
A person may be arrested in his own home only:
(a) By a law enforcement office pursuant to an arrest warrant.
(b) By a law enforcement officer for an offense committed in the home in the presence of the officer.
(c) By a law enforcement officer in continuous pursuit of a person who flees to his home to avoid arrest.
Absentee Shawnee Criminal Procedure Code Section 604, AST CRIM PRO CODE Section 604
Section 605. Notification of Rights
(a) Upon arrest, the defendant shall be notified that he has the following rights:
(1) The right to remain silent and that any statements made by him may be used against him in Court.
(2) That he has the right to obtain an attorney at his own expense and to have an attorney present at any questioning.
(3) That if he wishes to answer the questions of the police he may stop or request time to speak with his attorney at any point in the questioning.
(b) Prior to conducting a consentual warrantless search pursuant to Section 601(h)(2) or (3) of this Chapter, the officer shall specifically inform the person to be searched or the person in charge of the property to be searched that:
(1) The search will be conducted only with the person's consent.
(2) That the person is under no obligation or requirement to consent to the search and may refuse to consent to the search if he chooses to do so, or request the advice of an attorney at his own expense prior to responding to the requested consent the search.
(3) That if the person refuses to consent to the search, the officer will not search the person or property without first obtaining a warrant from the Courts.
(c) Whenever possible, the officer should obtain a written statement that the person knows these rights, understands, and waives them prior to taking a voluntary statement from a defendant or conducting a warrantless consentual search, provided that the absence of such a written statement does not preclude the admission of the statement or other evidence if the Court determines that the statement or consent to search were voluntary.
Absentee Shawnee Criminal Procedure Code Section 605, AST CRIM PRO CODE Section 605
Section 606. Executive Order for Relief From Judgment
(a) The Chief Executive Officer of the Tribe shall have authority to pardon, or commute any judgment and sentence imposed for any criminal offense upon a determination that a pardon or commutation of sentence promotes the ends of justice.
(b) Such pardon or commutation will be entered by filing a copy of the proposed action with the Court Clerk for a period of sixty (60) days after a copy of the proposed executive action has been submitted for approval to each Justice of the Supreme Court and to each member of the Tribal Legislative Body. If, within sixty (60) days after the filing thereof, with proof of service, any such Justice or Legislator shall disapprove the proposed pardon or commutation with written reasons, in a writing delivered to the Chief Executive Officer and filed with the Court Clerk, such proposed pardon or commutation shall not be approved. Otherwise, upon expiration of the sixty (60) day period, the pardon or commutation may be issued by the Chief Executive Officer of the Tribe.
(c) Upon the filing of written reasons for disapproval of such proposed pardon or commutation by any Justice or Legislator referred to in (b) above, the Chief Executive Officer may order the proposed pardon or commutation to be placed on the ballot for the next regularly scheduled election to determine, by referendum vote of the Tribe, whether such pardon or commutation shall be granted. The vote of the People of the Tribe shall be conclusive.
Absentee Shawnee Criminal Procedure Code Section 606, AST CRIM PRO CODE Section 606