Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - Leech Lake Band - Tribal Code
Title 1. Courts
Part V. Counsel
Any person who is a party in any trial or other proceeding before the Court may represent himself or herself, or be represented by lay counsel, or a professional attorney, who is licensed to practice law before the Court.
Leech Lake Ojibwe Jud. Code, T. 1, Courts Part V, § 1, LLOjibwe JCT1 CTS Part V, § 1
Professional attorneys may appear on behalf of any party in any proceeding before the Court, provided they are licensed to practice. A license to practice may be issued by the Tribal Court upon compliance with the following:
A. Filing with the Court Administrator an affidavit attesting that the applicant is licensed to practice law before the highest court of any state. A photocopy of said license shall be submitted with the affidavit.
B. Filing an affidavit that the applicant has studied and is familiar with the Constitution of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, the by-laws of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe and the Leech Lake Band, this Code, all other ordinances or codes of the Band, Title 25 of the United States Code and Title 25 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
C. Paying an annual license fee of one hundred dollars ($100). The annual license fee may be reduced to twenty-five dollars ($25) in the discretion of the Chief Judge for any attorney who is employed by a not-for-profit legal services program or otherwise seeks to represent clients on a pro-bono or reduced fee basis.
D. Taking the following oath before the Court Administrator or the Chief Judge, by affidavit or in person:
“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe and By-laws of the Leech Lake Band;
I will maintain the respect due to the Tribal Court and its judicial officers;
I will not counsel or maintain any suit or proceeding which shall appear to me to be unjust, nor any defense except such as I believe to be honestly valid or debatable under the law; I will employ for the purpose of maintaining the causes confided to me such means only as are consistent with truth and honor, and I will never seek to mislead any judge or jury by any artifice, or by false statement or misrepresentation of fact or law;
I will employ in the conduct of my duties the highest degree of ethics and moral standards with which my profession is charged, and I will be guided at all times by the quest for truth in justice;
In the conduct of my duties as an attorney I will not impugn the morals, character, honesty, good faith, or competence of any person, nor advance any fact prejudicial to the honor or reputation of any person, unless required by the justice of the cause with which I am charged.”
Leech Lake Ojibwe Jud. Code, T. 1, Courts Part V, § 2, LLOjibwe JCT1 CTS Part V, § 2
A member of the Band or a member of another Band affiliated with the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe may be licensed to practice in the Tribal Court. To qualify for licensure as an advocate the applicant must be at least twenty-one (21) years old; of good moral character; have never been convicted of a felony and not had his/her civil rights restored; have never been convicted of a crime against the Band or any other Indian tribe; and must be familiar with the Constitution of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, the by-laws of the Band, and the codes, statutes and ordinances of the Band.
No fee shall be assessed for licensing as an advocate.
An applicant seeking licensure as an advocate shall subscribe to the oath set forth in Section 2 for professional attorneys, substituting the term “advocate” for “attorney” therein.
Leech Lake Ojibwe Jud. Code, T. 1, Courts Part V, § 3, LLOjibwe JCT1 CTS Part V, § 3
A license issued pursuant to this Part V. may be revoked or suspended by the Tribal Court. Such action may be taken on its own motion or upon sworn complaint by any member of the Band or on motion of the Court. Revocation or suspension shall be ordered only after written notice to the licensee of the motion or complaint and after a hearing before all judges of the Court unless a conflict of interest prohibits such participation. Following a hearing, the Court may revoke or suspend the license upon a finding that the licensee has been disbarred or suspended from the practice of law by any court of the United States, any state, or a tribal court or has filed a false affidavit to obtain his/her license, or has violated his/her oath, or has engaged in misconduct or unethical behavior in the performance of his/her duties as an attorney or lay advocate or has been found in contempt of court by the Tribal Court.
Leech Lake Ojibwe Jud. Code, T. 1, Courts Part V, § 4, LLOjibwe JCT1 CTS Part V, § 4
Any person who submits an application for licensure as a professional attorney under this Code gives implied consent to the assertion of jurisdiction of the Court over him/her for all purposes relating to his/her practice of law before the Court, whether or not, the Court would otherwise have such jurisdiction.
Leech Lake Ojibwe Jud. Code, T. 1, Courts Part V, § 5, LLOjibwe JCT1 CTS Part V, § 5