MI Rules MCR 3.963
Michigan Compiled Laws Annotated Currentness
Michigan Court Rules of 1985
Chapter 3. Special Proceedings and Actions
Subchapter 3.900. Proceedings Involving Juveniles (Refs & Annos)
RULE 3.963 PROTECTIVE CUSTODY OF CHILD
(A) Taking Custody Without Court Order. An officer may without court order remove a child from the child's surroundings and take the child into protective custody if, after investigation, the officer has reasonable grounds to conclude that the health, safety, or welfare of the child is endangered. If the child is an Indian child who resides or is domiciled on a reservation, but is temporarily located off the reservation, the officer may take the child into protective custody only when necessary to prevent imminent physical harm to the child.
(B) Court-Ordered Custody.
(1) The court may issue a written order authorizing a child protective services worker, an officer, or other person deemed suitable by the court to immediately take a child into protective custody when, upon presentment of proofs as required by the court, the judge or referee has reasonable grounds to believe that the conditions or surroundings under which the child is found are such as would endanger the health, safety, or welfare of the child and that remaining in the home would be contrary to the welfare of the child. If the child is an Indian child who resides or is domiciled on a reservation, but is temporarily located off the reservation, the child is subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the tribal court. However, the state court may enter an order for protective custody of that child when it is necessary to prevent imminent physical harm to the child. At the time it issues the order or as provided in MCR 3.965(D), the court shall make a judicial determination that reasonable efforts to prevent removal of the child have been made or are not required. The court may also include in such an order authorization to enter specified premises to remove the child.
(2) The written order must indicate that the judge or referee has determined that continuation in the home is contrary to the welfare of the child and must state the basis for that determination.
(3) The court shall inquire whether a member of the child's immediate or extended family is available to take custody of the child pending preliminary hearing, whether there has been a central registry clearance, and whether a criminal history check has been initiated.
(C) Arranging for Court Appearance. An officer or other person who takes a child into protective custody must:
(1) immediately attempt to notify the child's parent, guardian, or legal custodian of the protective custody;
(2) inform the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of the date, time, and place of the preliminary hearing scheduled by the court;
(3) immediately bring the child to the court for preliminary hearing, or immediately contact the court for instructions regarding placement pending preliminary hearing;
(4) if the court is not open, contact the person designated under MCR 3.934(B)(2) for permission to place the child pending preliminary hearing;
(5) ensure that the petition is prepared and submitted to the court;
(6) prepare a custody statement similar to the statement required for detention of a juvenile as provided in MCR 3.934(A)(4) and submit it to the court.
[Adopted February 4, 2003, effective May 1, 2003, 467 Mich; amended October 24, 2006, effective January 1, 2007, 477 Mich; May 31, 2007, effective September 1, 2007, 478 Mich; February 2, 2010, effective May 1, 2010, 485 Mich.]
Current with amendments received through January 1, 2011.
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