People ex rel. A.T.

This is an action to enforce the absolute and unconditional right of an Indian tribe to intervene in a child custody proceeding under the Indian Child Welfare Act. In the state of Colorado, an Indian child eligible for membership in the Osage Nation of Oklahoma was involved in a child custody proceeding as defined under the ICWA ยง 1903(1). The Osage Nation’s attorney filed a motion to intervene under the ICWA. The motion was conditionally granted; the attorney for the Osage Nation was required to comply with the local counsel pro hac vice rule. Under this rule, an out-of-state counsel may participate in a Colorado court proceeding, but is required to associate with local counsel. As a result, the Osage Nation’s attorney was required to associate with an attorney admitted to the Bar in Colorado.

Mark Tilden of the Native American Rights Fund was retained as local counsel and filed a motion to reconsider the order challenging the judge’s order. The motion for reconsideration argued that the Osage Nation has an absolute and unconditional federal right to intervene in the proceeding and that the local pro hac vice requirements are preempted by the ICWA. Additionally, pro hac vice requirements constitute a burden that would effectively foreclose many tribes from intervening in out-of- state ICWA cases because of, among other things, the cost of hiring local counsel. He also argued that a tribe has the right to appear by any representative of its choosing, including a representative that is not an attorney.

The court granted the motion to allow the Osage Nation to appear by any representative of its choosing and did not require the Nation’s attorney to associate with local counsel under the pro hac vice rules. It was a success for the Nation to appear on its on behalf unencumbered by state law.

Read More: Preserve Tribal Existence, Promote Native American Human Rights